Help your students become proficient with equivalent fractions with the four games in this bundle. Fraction equivalency is a major concept in the Common Core State Standards for Math in the intermediate grades, and a strong understanding of fraction equivalence lays the foundation for addition and subtraction of fraction with unlike denominators in fifth grade. The games and resources included will provide your students with practice with key fraction standards in the Common Core, as well as an opportunity to assess their understanding of fractional relationships.
Common Core State Standards for Mathematics addressed:
Number and Operations – Fractions (3.NF, 4.NF)
• Understand two fractions as equivalent (equal) if they are the same size, or the same point on a number line. (3.NF.3a)
• Recognize and generate simple equivalent fractions (e.g., 1/2 = 2/4, 4/6 = 2/3). Explain why the fractions are equivalent, e.g., by using a visual fraction model. (3.NF.3b)
• Explain why a fraction a/b is equivalent to a fraction (n × a)/(n × b) by using visual fraction models, with attention to how the number and size of the parts differ even though the two fractions themselves are the same size. Use this principle to recognize and generate equivalent fractions. (4.NF.1)
Included in this bundle are:
• four different fraction gameboards and spinners
• teacher directions
• set of thinking questions to probe your students’ thinking while they play
• student directions sheet
• student recording sheet
• equivalent fraction number line reference sheets
• two equivalent fraction assessment tasks (with scoring guides)
These games help students practice identifying and creating equivalent fractions and finding the simplest form of complex fractions. As students play, a player spins to get a fraction, then places a colored token on a space on the board that has a fraction equivalent to the one spun. A student wins by creating a complete path with tokens of his or her color from left to right or top to bottom across the board.
There are four different gameboards and spinners – the first two (A & B) focusing on fractions whose simplest forms use the denominators 3 and 4 and the second set (C & D) using fractions whose simplest forms use the denominators 5 and 6. The different gameboards and spinners allow you to easily differentiate within your math class. Choose the form of the games based on what skill you want to the students to practice and your students level of understanding of fraction equivalence.
Aid your students as they play these games by providing the equivalent fraction number line resources that match the fractions on their board and spinner – one sheet for thirds and fourths and another for fifths and sixths. These number lines allow students to quickly see which fractions are equivalent. Have your students glue the number line reference sheets in their journals, or enlarge them to poster size, so they can be regularly referred to during your fraction instruction.
While students play, have them use the recording sheet to show the relationship between the fraction spun and the fraction on the board. The recording sheet labels the numerator and denominator of the fractions to reinforce these terms. When the students have finished playing, you can use the recording sheet to assess student mastery of fraction equivalency.
After your students have had a chance to explore with equivalent fractions, use the included assessments tasks to evaluate their understanding of fractional relationships. There are two writing-based tasks - use one as a pre-test and the other as a post-test, use one as guided practice and the other as independent assessment, or whatever way best fits your class structure.
For more practice with simplifying fractions, check out the other ninja-themed resources I have available that cover these concepts –
Fraction Attack - simplifying fractions ppt + printables set
Ninja Numbers - simplifying fractions task cards + printables set
You can also purchase all of the above resources, and save over 25%, in this one bundle –
Stealthy Simplifying - all-in-one simplifying fractions bundle
I hope your students enjoy these math games and become more expert with equivalent fractions! – Dennis McDonald