This "Slam-Dunk a Short Response" includes a visual aid and a checklist to help students write a short response question after reading a text. The visual shows a table: the most important thing is the surface of the table (answer the question), then the legs support the table (first relevant detail, second relevant detail, and an inference). You can use this visual to help teach students that you need to have relevant details to support your answer, just like you need to have sturdy legs holding up the surface of the table.
Underneath the visual is a checklist students can use while they're answering the short response question. The checklist also includes some sentence starters and phrases students can use when writing their short response. S.W.A.G is for sentence structure and grammar (Starts with a capital, Written neatly with a "who" and "what", Adjectives to describe topic, and Given appropriate punctuation).
The basketballs tie it into making a 2-point shot in basketball!
After teaching this checklist with a lot of modeling, students use it when they are composing written responses on their own and then with a partner! After using this so often, students will become experts and can begin scoring their peers.