This lesson provides your students with a sequential overview of what happened during America’s Civil War. It lays out the meaning of civil war, seceding, the Confederacy, and the Union. It explains what Northerners and Southerners disagreed about and the significance of the attack on Fort Sumter. It presents the strengths and weaknesses that the Union and the Confederacy each had, and also the strategies of each side.
Key battles described in an interesting manner are:
• Battle of Bull Run
• Battle of the USS Monitor and CSS Virginia (previously USS Merrimack)
• Admiral David Farragut’s capture of the Port of New Orleans
• Battle of Antietam
• Battle of Gettysburg
• Battle of Vicksburg
• General Sherman’s March to the Sea
• Richmond Campaigns and Five Forks
Key events explored are:
• The Anaconda Blockade
• The Emancipation Proclamation
• The Gettysburg Address
• Surrender at Appomattox Court House, Virginia
The selection ends with the results of the Civil War and the consequent need to rebuild the country. Reasons for why the Union won are also explored.
Informative text is over 7 pages long. Colorful pictures are provided for the Fort Sumter Attack, The Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack, and the Union Victory at Antietam. A colorful map of military advances also reinforces students’ comprehension. Selection Vocabulary is provided on a chart. The 12th page is the answer key.
There are 17 reading comprehension questions presented in 4 parts:
• 3 Main Idea Questions
• 6 Recalling Details Questions
• 6 Cause-Effect Questions
• 2 Using a Bar Graph Questions
Students are prompted to look back to the selection for help finding correct answers. This lesson can serve as a portion of your unit plan, students' study guide, an activity/ test/exam on the Civil War, a reading comprehension activity/test/exam, or as a springboard to class discussions, reports, and presentations on the Civil War.