PPT shows how to convert people of opposing viewpoints with respect and “innocent” questions to challenge their view and its upstream premises or downstream outcomes. A short dialogue portrays a scenario that exemplifies the academic explanation as argued by Tim van Gelder and Peter Kreeft (who quotes Kierkegaard). Real dialogue in our politically polarized society is difficult, but Socrates’ tactic of asking probing questions might help move dialogue toward more agreement or compromise. However, Socratic Questioning is a somewhat manipulative strategy: first you pretend sympathy toward your foe’s viewpoint, or at least pretend that you are undecided and able to be converted. After gaining their trust and avoiding their defenses, your questions lead the opponent to eventually doubt their own position and think they discovered their position’s discrepancies on their own (thus saving face about changing their mind). Perhaps this strategy could at least sow some doubt with “true believers” who might also be careless thinkers. With critical thinkers, however, you might have better success with an upfront rational argument of claims, evidence, and reasoning; but not everyone in the general audience is an open-minded critical thinker like you (Know Thyself?). The first slide is an animated GIF of 5 frames (8 seconds each, looping; PPT must be in Slide-Show mode to activate the animation). The entire PPT has 11 slides (5 of them are the individual frames of the opening GIF). That opening GIF has a some political innuendo and may not fit everyone’s teaching style or political leaning, but letting it run before class as a bell-ringer might get your student’s heads out of their smart phones
. Of course, you’re welcome to edit and use the PPT however works for you for whatever situation (critical thinking, psychological persuasion, marketing, essay writing, etc.).
Used/tested and engaging with English Composition, English 101.
To learn how to make or modify such animated GIFs using PowerPoint and a free online AGIF maker, see PowerPoint slide show Animated GIFs—How to Make and Use