In this unit fifth grade students formulate answers to questions such as: “How do lengths and directions of shadows or relative lengths of day and night change from day to day, and how does the appearance of some stars change in different seasons?” Students are expected to develop an understanding of patterns of daily changes in length and direction of shadows, day and night, and the seasonal appearance of some stars in the night sky. The crosscutting concepts of patterns; cause and effect; scale, proportion, and quantity are called out as organizing concepts for these disciplinary core ideas. In the fifth grade performance expectations, students are expected to demonstrate grade-appropriate proficiency in analyzing and interpreting data and engaging in argument from evidence; and to use these practices to demonstrate understanding of the core ideas.
PS2.B: Types of Interactions
ESS1.A: The Universe and its Stars
ESS1.B: Earth and the Solar System