A great READING resource with QUESTIONS and ANSWER KEY included! It focuses on the topic of Spanish-American War.
Included are 1 page reading, 1 page question sheet and 1 page answer key! Perfect for homework assignments, classwork or reading for test review! Can be used for both middle and high school level.
The reading first provides background context about the underlying Cuban tensions with Spain. This includes how Cubans resisted Spanish control by destroying sugar plantations as an act of rebellion. In response, the Spanish punished Cubans by sending them to reconcentration camps in which they starved to death and died from diseases. This provides students an insight as to why the United States sympathized with the Cuban Revolution and its resistance to Spanish colonial control. The next section of the reading identifies the major reasons why United States declared war on Spain. Due to economic investments in Cuba, it was a matter of national security to closely monitor the Cuban Revolution. If the revolution escalated, then the United States may be affected. Students will also understand how yellow journalism and the media played a large role influencing the American people to go to war. This includes sensationalizing news stories about inhumane living conditions in reconcentration camps and the attack of the U.S.S. Maine. By accusing the Spanish for sinking an American battleship and killing the lives of 250 Americans, the media pressured President McKinley to declare war. It also mentions how the De Lome letter sparked American outrage as the Spanish ambassador insulted President McKinley for being incompetent and unable to pose a threat to Spain.
In next half of the reading, it focuses on the strategic tactics used by United States to win the war against Spain. As a young nation, the United States lacked the military, economic and political strength Spain possessed. By allying with Spanish colonies who wanted independence, the United States was able to defeat Spain. This includes explaining how the United States won the Battle of Manila Bay in the Philippines and the Battle of San Juan Hill in Cuba. In both examples, students will understand how American troops worked with Filipino rebels and Cuban revolutionaries to attack Spanish forces. In the Battle of San Juan Hill, Theodore Roosevelt and the Rough Riders were able to claim victory through the support of Cuban revolutionaries. It further explains how the United States was victorious in claiming Guam and Puerto Rico with superior steel navy. Lastly, the reading concludes with the Treaty of Peace in Paris and explains how the victory represented the waning loss of European influence in the Western Hemisphere. It provides a breakdown of the terms Spain had to adhere to and the territories United States acquired from the war. It also emphasizes how imperialism influenced the United States to establish overseas colonies to expand its political, economic and military dominance.
Some vocabulary words and key terms included are Cuba, Spanish-American War, Spain, reconcentration camps, Cuban Revolution, yellow journalism, William Randolph Hearst, Joseph Pulitzer, New York World, New York Journal, U.S.S. Maine, President McKinley, Enrique Dupuy de Lome, Battle of Manila Bay, Philippines, Guam, Puerto Rico, Battle of San Juan Hill, Theodore Roosevelt, Rough Riders, Treaty of Peace in Paris and imperialism.
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