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Spanish Time Expressions: Sentence building in the present and past tense

Spanish Time Expressions: Sentence building in the present and past tense
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If your students know their Time Expressions, they can do so much more with the Spanish language. Below is a rough draft version of what this PDF contains. There are also 44 other useful time expressions not listed. This is a valuable resource because it is all in one easy-to-read sheet. ¡Que sea a su total agrado!

Presente Pasado
hoy (today) ayer (yesterday)
esta mañana (this morning) ayer por la mañana (yestr. morning)
esta tarde (this afternoon) ayer por la tarde (yestr. afternoon)
esta noche (tonight) anoche (last night)
este año (this year) el año pasado (last year)
esta semana (this week) la semana pasada (last week)
este fin de semana el fin de semana pasado
(this weekend) (last weekend)

Translating “for” in time expressions

Hace + time + que + present tense form of the verb
1. Hace ...

Hace + time + que + no + present tense form of the verb
2. Hace...

Alternate version with Llevar:
Llevar + time + gerund form of the verb (...ando / ...iendo)
1. Llevo ...

Llevar + time + sin + infinitive
2. Llevo ...

Desde hace + time
Present tense form of the verb + desde hace + time
1. Estudio ...

No + present tense form of the verb + desde hace + time
2. No estudio ...

So, when it comes to expressing the length of time an action has been taking place, there are three ways to say the same thing:

I have been studying Spanish for one year.
1. Hace ...
2. Llevo ...
3. Estudio ...

The word AGO is expressed using the Preterite tense with Hace.
Hace + time unit
1. Hice ...
2. Fui ...
3. Monté ...
Total Pages
1 page
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