The statistical inference chart provides a visual for choosing the appropriate statistical test to perform and the associated hypotheses based on the number and type of variables.
The assignment page can be used as an in-class or home work assignment with accompanying answer key. The answer key itself can serve as an in-class handout or classroom poster. The answer key serves as an outline for the basics of inferential statistics.
I give this to my MA and PhD social science students in their introductory statistics course. This content is likely suitable for high school juniors and seniors as well.