Marzano's guidance on how students learn vocabulary is applied to literature here. Students not only explore how literary terms are applied to stories or novel chapters they read, (this in itself encourages close reading), but they also provide sketches and visual organizing metaphors to their understanding as they create a story map. Artistically inclined students have an opportunity to shine, and other students still reap the benefits. Their sketches and drawing help visual areas of the brain interact with language, strengthening important word-image connections. The student examples of story maps provided here inspire and speak a thousand words. (These are the best of my bunch -- not all of them did this kind of work!) Your students' literature-based handiwork can be put into their journals or onto the walls of your classroom, providing you and your supervisors with visual and vivid evidence of student engagement.
to see state-specific standards (only available in the US).
Analyze how an author’s choices concerning how to structure a text, order events within it (e.g., parallel plots), and manipulate time (e.g., pacing, flashbacks) create such effects as mystery, tension, or surprise.
Analyze how complex characters (e.g., those with multiple or conflicting motivations) develop over the course of a text, interact with other characters, and advance the plot or develop the theme.
Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to the characters, setting, and plot; provide an objective summary of the text.
Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot).
Describe how a particular story’s or drama’s plot unfolds in a series of episodes as well as how the characters respond or change as the plot moves toward a resolution.