This study guide and complimenting assessment was designed for fifth grade students. It includes the answer key for the test. The study guide and test require students to diagram the water cycle; understand the three types of heat transfer: conduction, convection and radiation; and be able to distinguish between physical and chemical changes. It is aligned with the North Carolina Essential Standards for science, fifth grade. This study guide and assessment could be used as a review for the North Carolina End of Grade Test for fifth grade science.