Subtraction Fact Fluency | Math Games
These subtraction fact games are perfect for subtraction fact fluency with your whole class! First and second grade students will get some extra practice with their math facts while completing a fun team-building whole group game at the same time. It's the perfect way for 1st and 2nd grade students to get math fact practice while collaborating throughout the year in math activities.
- Back to School Subtraction Facts Game
- Fall Subtraction Facts Game
- Halloween Subtraction Facts Game
- Thanksgiving Subtraction Facts Game
- Christmas Subtraction Facts Game
- Winter Subtraction Facts Game
- Valentine's Day Subtraction Facts Game
- St. Patrick's Day Subtraction Facts Game
- Easter Subtraction Facts Game
- Spring Subtraction Facts Game
- Summer Subtraction Facts Game
- Step 1: Print everything out. Print the apples on different colored papers to make it easier on kids to find matches. Print the apples on the same colored paper to make it harder.
- Step 2: Cut everything out. Use a paper cutter to help you save time cutting.
- Step 3: Lay the apples out all over the floor of your classroom. Do this before kids enter the room to save time. I like to scatter them all over randomly.
- Step 4: Have kids find matches that go together. Don’t let kids look for one match without finding the first match. Otherwise, they’ll be walking around with ten different pieces feeling very overwhelmed. The focus is finding the answer to one piece at a time.
- Step 5 (optional): Have kids lay their team’s matches on a “tree” bulletin board piece of paper. When you give kids a place to put their team’s matches, they buy in more. I just got 4 pieces of bulletin board paper and drew a tree on each one. Each team’s apple matches went on each tree.
- Step 6: The team that finds the most matches in a given amount of time (or when all the pieces run out) wins!
- Step 1: Print everything out. Print one set of baskets and one set of acorns. Printing on colored paper makes it more exciting!
- Step 2: Cut everything out. Using a paper cutter makes it go quicker! No need to cut out the baskets. Those are print and go!
- Step 3: Spread the acorns out all over the floor of your classroom. I would spread out the acorns before students enter the classroom to save yourself time!
- Step 4: Give each team a basket and explain they have to fill it up with acorns that match the answers in their basket.
- Step 5: The first team to find all of the answers that go in their basket wins!
- Step 1: Print everything out. -Print out one set of ghosts and a set of haunted houses for each team.
- Step 2: Cut out all of the ghosts. Using a paper cutter makes the cutting go more quickly. You could also have a parent volunteer cut them out!
- Step 3: Spread out the ghosts all over your classroom floor. I recommend doing this before students enter the room to save time.
- Step 4: Give each team their set of haunted houses. Explain the rules. Tell everyone the first team to find all of the ghosts that belong in their haunted houses wins.
- Step 5: You can either race to see which team gets their house filled up first or have a time limit and see which team finds the most ghosts in the time given. I normally give the winning team a small prize like dojo points, a piece of candy, or lunch in the room.
- Step 1: Print everything out. Print a set of feathers and a set of turkeys for each team that is playing.
- Step 2: Cut everything out. Cut out the feathers you chose to print.
- Step 3: Give each team a set of feathers and a set of turkeys in their corner of the room.
- Step 4: Explain that students have to match up the correct feathers with each turkey. It’s race to see which team can finish sorting the feathers correctly first.
- Step 1: Print everything out. Each team will need a recording sheet (shown on the right). Print ONE set of presents print 1) and a recording sheet for each team (print 4).
- Step 2: Lay out the presents all over your classroom. Tell each kid which “person’s” team they are on. Assign each person to either Zoe, Vinnie, Jamal, or Larissa. There should be 4 teams of kids total.
- Step 3: The kids race to find all of the presents that belong to their kid and solve all of the equations. The kids on Vinnie’s team find all of Vinnie’s presents and write the answers on their recording sheet. The kids on Jamal’s team find all of Jamal’s presents and write his equations on the answer sheet. And so on!
- Step 4: Each team tries to fill out their recording sheet first with all of the equations and answers. The first team to finish finding all of their presents and turn their work into the teacher wins! I normally give out a small prize.
- Step 1: Print everything out. Print out the snowman heads, snowman bodies, and snowman math pieces. I like to print each one on a different colored paper to make it easy for kids to tell what each part is.
- Step 2: Cut everything out.
- Step 3: Lay out the snowman math pieces all over the floor. Put the snowman bodies in one line long for each team.
- Step 4: Each team starts with a long snowman body that is blank. Students race in teams to find the math equations that match the answers on their snowman's body.
- Step 5: The first team to finish wins!
- Step 1: Print everything out. Print the puzzles out on different colored papers or card stock so they don’t get mixed up.
- Step 2: Cut everything out. Cut them out ahead of time. A paper cutter saves time or having a parent volunteer help.
- Step 3: Put the pieces all over the classroom for students to hunt down. Explain to students the goal is to find their color puzzle pieces and put their puzzle back together again.
- Step 4 (optional): If putting one puzzle together isn’t enough for your class, have them try and do multiple puzzles. Once they put one puzzle together, give that team a point on the board. Let them put the pieces back out around the room for another team to find and then start looking for a different colored puzzle.
- Puzzle #1: 1 and 2 Facts
- Puzzle #2: 3 and 4 Facts
- Puzzle #3: 5 and 6 Facts
- Puzzle #4: 7 and 8 Facts
- Puzzle #5: 9 and 10 Facts
- Puzzle #6: 11 and 12 Facts
- Puzzle #7: 13, 14, and 15 Facts
- Puzzle #8: 16, 17, 18, and 19 Facts
- Step 1: Print everything out. Print a set of clovers (print once) and a recording sheet for each team (4 recording sheets).
- Step 2: Cut everything out. Cut out the clovers. Don’t cut the recording sheets.
- Step 3: Lay out the clovers all over your classroom floor. I recommend doing this before students enter the classroom.
- Step 4: Split kids up into 4 teams. Give each team a recording sheet. Explain to students that they have to hunt down the clovers on their list.
- Step 5: The first team to find all of the clovers on their “Lucky Numbers” list wins!
Every bunny in this game has a name! You print out the bunnies on colored paper and place them around your room. Give each student a recording sheet. They go around and write down the subtraction fact next to each bunny's name. See the preview for pictures of the game in action!
My class had so much fun completing this math challenge and I hope yours does too!
- Step 1: Print everything out. Print out the hens and the chicks. I would print the hens and the chicks on different colored papers so the kids don’t get confused.
- Step 2: Cut everything out. Cut out the hens and chicks. You can save on cutting time by asking a parent volunteer, using a paper cutter, or having your kids cut it out before they start to play!
- Step 3: Lay out the chicks and hens. Put the hens on one side of the room and the chicks on the other side of the room. Explain to students that their job is to work as a group to put all of the chicks with their correct mama hen!
- Step 4: The kids can only pick up one chick at a time. They pick up a chick, find it’s mommy hen, and lay it next to it. The kids race against the clock to see how quickly they can sort all of the chicks. I like to say, “You only have X amount of minutes to help the chicks get back to their mothers! Good luck!”
- Step 1: Print everything out. Print the ice cream cones, the pre-made ice cream cones, and the ice cream scoops. I like to print each one on a different colored paper to make it easy for kids to tell what each part is.
- Step 2: Cut everything out. Cut the ice cream cones out individually, cut the pre-made ice cream cones into strips (do not cut apart) and the ice cream scoops out separately.
- Step 3: Lay out the ice cream cones all over your floor. Explain to students they’ll be making ice cream cones just like the sample ones shown. Their goal is to find the ice cream scoops they need to make the ice cream cones look like the orders customers are asking for.
- Step 4: Each team starts with a pre-made ice cream cone (customer order) and an ice cream cone. Kids will hunt the room to look for the ice cream scoops they need.
- Step 5: Kids build up the ice cream cone in the same order as the customer order (yellow)
- Step 6: When kids build the ice cream cone the whole way to the top, they get to grab another customer order from the teacher. It’s race to see who can build the most ice cream cones!
Students will practice their subtraction skills and fact fluency. Every game aligns with standard 1.OA.6 and 2.OA.2 and works well in first grade and second grade classrooms.
✅ a whole group review
✅ fast finishers
✅ math centers
✅ small groups
✅ extra practice
✅ fun surprise treat
✅ aligned to Common Core
✅ 1st/2nd Grade Level
✅ subtraction fact fluency
✅ low-prep math activities
✅ engaging, fun, rigorous
- TEKS 1.3D: apply basic fact strategies to add and subtract within 20, including making 10 and decomposing a number leading to a 10
- TEKS 1.3E: explain strategies used to solve addition and subtraction problems up to 20 using spoken words, objects, pictorial models, and number sentences
- TEKS 1.3F: generate and solve problem situations when given a number sentence involving addition or subtraction of numbers within 20
- TEKS 2.4A: recall basic facts to add and subtract within 20 with automaticity
Everyone's class is different! Every subtraction game comes with different ways to play so you can differentiate the game so it fits into your classroom!
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The Lifetime Learner
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