Surreal Art History 203 Slides
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This is a complete powerpoint presentation of Surreal Art from its inception in the early part of the 20th Century forward. The presentation shows art work from the major artists identified with the movement, even if they were sometimes also classed with other movements. The bodies of work covered here are of:
~Giorgio de Chirico
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TEXT EXCERPT (bullet points overview surrealism)
-- cultural movement that began in the early 1920s
-- artists juxtaposed the dream state with the fully conscious one, melding the new Freudian principles to the visual arts.
-- pictorial scenes defied logic and reason since they resembled the less than conscious mind states.
-- strange creatures emerged; everyday objects became sinister
-- unexpected juxtapositions of objects and beings emerged in many of the works.
-- its springboard was the Dada movement during World War I.
-- Surrealism was centered in Paris.
-- had widespread effect upon not only the visual arts, but also literature, film, music, political theory, and philosophy.
-- is still with us today in the arts since altered states of being, as opposed to everyday, walking around reality, continues to fascinate those in every aspect of the arts.
EXCERPT (some Dali annotations to slides)
-- Dali began "Invisible Figures" in 1926 showing scenery in front of his home, in Llaner in Cadaqués. He resumed painting it in 1936. He eliminated a bather and rocky shore in the lower half by painting a stage over them. The stage shows his absence from his bed and chair and leaves his heart on a pedestal.This process of redoing the painting years later is not uncommon among painters.
-- "Apparatus and Hand" in 1927 was the first painting in which Dali began applying Freud’s ideas about dream analysis. He used dream like symbols from this point forward.
-- Dali's periodic hallucinations and paranoid visions show up in the 1929 painting, "Accommodations of Desire." He juxtaposed outrageous objects with a meticulous, clinical rendering.
-- "Enigma of William Tell" in 1933 picks up the Tell story. It is a legend about a man, who shot an apple placed on the head of his son. The Tell in the painting is much later on in his life. Thus, the intertwining of the past with the present, a universal, occurs. Dali is focused on the theme of time again and again.
-- Dali explores Freud’s Death Instinct in "Sleep" in 1937. That principle states that all animals, including humans, try to prolong their life by defending against all threats of death. They defend by either aggressive or self-destructive acts. This entity, and the dog to the left, are ravished by heeding that instinct; hence the crutches and catatonia.