Systems and Forms of Government:
This lesson is Part II of our look at “systems of government,” such as Federal, Unitary & Parliamentary, and “forms” of government. Forms of Government examines: direct democracy, representative democracy, absolute monarchy, constitutional monarchy, socialism, communism, autocracy, and oligarchy. Students will learn how Ancient Athens developed the first democracy, but that it was a direct democracy. They will learn how the United States has a representative democracy or a republic, but that there are examples of direct democracy in the U.S. in the form of “referendum” and “initiative” legislation. Students will look at monarchies and how this popular form of government mostly dissolved with the advent of democracy, the Enlightenment Era and events such as the Magna Carta and Glorious Revolution. Saudi Arabia’s monarchy is provided as an example of the few remaining absolute monarchies. An introduction to socialism is provided with its rise during the Industrial Revolution and the complex meaning of this form or ideology today and its link to social welfare programs such as universal healthcare and free education. A brief overview of Communism is provided and what this form of government meant for the Soviet Union whose collapse is also introduced. The remaining communist countries are provided as well as the idea of how these few remaining governments are opening towards privatization. Finally the terms of describing who holds power: autocracy and oligarchy are included with definitions and examples.
• Completed lesson plan with step-by-step instructions
• PowerPoint presentation
• PDF’s provided for Google Doc users
• Smartboard activity
• Video Clip Links
• State Exam Practice Quiz
• Bell ringers
Check out the YouTube video that goes with this lesson @ Mr. Raymond’s Civics EOC Academy YouTube channel:
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