Do you need rigorous, Common Core Lessons, with the kind of scaffolding that will allow all students to succeed? Do you need step by step instructions on how to engage your class in accountable collaborative activities, so that they are doing the thinking? Are you sick of lecturing? Or have you been told not to?
Then this lesson is for you.
It does NOT consist of a parallel structure lecture followed by standard worksheets. If that is what you are looking for, then this lesson is not for you.
This lesson begins with an “into” activity in which students first discover the grammatical pattern of parallel structure prior to being told the rule. Afterwards, it follows the structure of a SDAIE/SIOP lesson, and is thus an example of the Gradual Release of Responsibility Model (I Do/We Do/You Do It Together/You Do It Alone). It comes with a Content Objective, a Language Objective, and provides Language Forms (Sentence Frames), containing the target Academic Language, that are imbedded within the Advanced Graphic Organizer so that students can practice Reading, Writing, Listening, and Speaking in the context of the lesson. It relies heavily upon the student interaction/collaboration that characterizes the SDAIE/SIOP lesson format. Throughout the course of the lesson, there are multiple opportunities for the teacher to “Check for Understanding,” and the collaborative work is accountable through the use of equitable strategies for eliciting student responses. The instructions for delivering the lesson are explicit and detailed, with a rationale for the strategies used provided. Also included are an optional Common Core assessment, as well as a bonus graphic organizer for analyzing parallel structure in speeches, such as "The Gettysburg Address."
This lesson works either as a stand-alone lesson to teach/review the grammatical concept of parallel structure, or (preferred) as a lesson imbedded into a larger unit analyzing how good authors and speakers use parallel structure to achieve specific rhetorical effects. This lesson is both rigorous (calling upon students to operate at the highest levels of Bloom’s Taxonomy) and heavily scaffolded to allow English Learners, Standard English Learners, Special Education Students, and all other students who are below grade level to access the curriculum.
Common Core State Standards Alignment: (grades 9/10)
Speaking and Listening Standard 1: Students will initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grades 9–10 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.
Language Standard 1a: Use Parallel Structure
CCSS, Parallel Structure, SDAIE, SIOP, TSOL, English Learners, English Language Learners, Scaffolding, Common Core, Grammar, Collaborative Learning, Collaborative Groups, Advanced Graphic Organizers, Language Forms, Sentence Frames, Language Objectives, Bonus: Gettysburg Address, Resource, Learning Disability, Special Education, Standard English Learners, SEL, RSP, SDC, Speaking and Listening, Accountable Talk
THE PARALLEL STRUCTURE FOUR-SQUARE A CCSS SDAIE/SIOP GRAMMAR LESSON FOR ENGLISH LEARNERS, STANDARD ENGLISH LEARNERS, & SPECIAL EDUCATION STUDENTS
by Maria Cristina Phillips (aka Urban Education Solutions)
is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License