This handout lists & defines the 6 most common types of evidence: factual example, expert testimony, statistic, personal/anecdotal experience, commonly held assumption/belief, and author's opinion. It also lists and defines 4 common persuasive techniques: logical arguments, appeals to basic values, appeals to emotions, and charged words (+/- connotations). Students use informational literature to cite examples of evidence, identify its type, its persuasive technique ,and then rate on a scale of 1-3 how relevant the evidence is. Another section includes space for adding summary of argumentative text, author's claim, and any counterclaims the author makes. This is a great at-a-glance handout for students to organize, categorize, and assess accuracy and relevancy of evidence in preparation for their own written analysis of whatever topic they have to answer, i.e. research report or argumentative essay.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.8.1 - Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.8.8 - Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; recognize when irrelevant evidence is introduced.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.8.1.A - Introduce claim(s), acknowledge and distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and organize the reasons and evidence logically.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.8.1.B - Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant evidence, using accurate, credible sources and demonstrating an understanding of the topic or text.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.8.2.B - Develop the topic with relevant, well-chosen facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.8.8 - Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.8.9 - Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.