This is an exercise and a worksheet that I have used in order to teach tone and mood with poetry. This exercise can be modified to apply to short stories and/or novels. It works best when being paired with poetry and leading into Shakespeare.
All of the audio files can be found on the Poetry Out Loud website and can be played from there. You could also read the poems aloud and complete the exercise that way.
I usually give the worksheet first and then follow it up with the exercise.