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This resource will help prepare your students to correctly write a TDA for standardized testing. If you assign a TDA prompt for students to do on their own and then sigh with frustration when they write about something foreign to the prompt or simply write a summary, then this may be what you need to help them.
This resource includes an acronym to guide students with strategic and effective steps to successfully complete a text dependent analysis. Each step of the acronym is explained so that any teacher can guide his/her students in the thinking processes that must accompany this type of written response. Sample TDA prompts are also provided so that students can practice the steps.
To develop this unit, we sat down and thought about how we ourselves go about analyzing a prompt, analyzing a text, and checking for evidence. Then, we brainstormed an acronym. Finally, we developed one. Unicorns are quick runners before eating Butterball turkey. As acronyms work, each beginning letter will tell students what to do. For example, the U tells them to underline what the prompt is asking them to do. Since using the acronym, we have seen a ton of improvement! Hopefully, using the acronym will help your students too!
First, we have provided an in-depth explanation of each letter in the acronym. These explanations will help you know how to teach the process involved in analysis.
2nd After understanding each letter, your job will be to go through each of the steps with your students.
3rd Tell them that there is an easy way to remember the steps, and reveal to them the acronym (Unicorns are fast runners before eating Butterball turkey).
4th Read them the story “Uni Eats Turkey”. It will help them remember the acronym.
After that, practice. Then, practice some more. It’s important to model the steps and do different prompts with the students. The first prompt you can do is the one provided with the story “Uni Eats Turkey”. Charts are provided for brainstorming, and sample answers and analysis are also provided.
In addition to the acronym and sample story, this unit provides eleven TDA prompts that you can use with students to practice analyzing a prompt. With these prompts, you can guide your students with practice in analyzing prompts by going through the first three letters of the acronym, the U, A, and Q.
In addition, we provide several TDA prompts for two anchor texts, the short story “Rikki-tikki-tavi” by Rudyard Kipling and the poem “Mother to Son” by Langston Hughes. By completing several different prompts on one anchor text, you can cover more ground in less time.
Each time you practice with a different prompt, you will have students write each letter of the acronym going down their notebook paper. Then, have them recall what each letter stands for and complete the task required. When it’s time for the standardized test, your students will have a strategy that they can use, and this will build confidence!