The 13 Colonies Reading Passages | Thirteen Colonies

The 13 Colonies Reading Passages | Thirteen Colonies
The 13 Colonies Reading Passages | Thirteen Colonies
The 13 Colonies Reading Passages | Thirteen Colonies
The 13 Colonies Reading Passages | Thirteen Colonies
The 13 Colonies Reading Passages | Thirteen Colonies
The 13 Colonies Reading Passages | Thirteen Colonies
The 13 Colonies Reading Passages | Thirteen Colonies
The 13 Colonies Reading Passages | Thirteen Colonies
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The 13 Colonies Passages, Questions, and Annotations {Thirteen Colonies}

US History Series

This resource contains 5 Engaging, Non-Fiction Reading Comprehension Passages with Directions for Student Annotations! Reading Comprehension Questions also included!

Questions & Answer Keys for Each of the 5 Reading Passages!


Quick overview of topics covered in this resource include:

1.) The 13 Colonies: New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies

-The colonies were considered the first “13 States” of America (broad overview of the three types of colonies)

-Separated into three sections based on lifestyle (New England Colonies, The Middle Colonies, and The Southern Colonies)

-New England Colonies Overview: Colonists came for religious freedom, weather and terrain.

-Middle Colonies Overview: More diverse religions and cultures– Quakers, Lutherans, Dutch

Calvinists, and other religious groups

-Farming was much easier in the Middle Colonies

-Southern Colonies Overview: cash crops played a big role

-slaves and indentured servants were used as a workforce on plantations

-experienced outbreaks of malaria and yellow fever.

-bays, rivers, wetlands

Keywords: terrain, indentured servants, cash crop, whale oil, plantation, tobacco

2.) The New England Colonies (Massachusetts {Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay}, Connecticut, New Hampshire, Rhode Island)

-Plymouth Colony (Founder/Governor, year founded, Mayflower Compact overview

-Massachusetts Bay (Founder, “City upon a hill” (John Winthrop wanted this colony to set an example for the rest)

-Connecticut Colony (Thomas Hooker, year founded, – disagreed with Puritans, created the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut”, limiting government powers and it guaranteed more rights to individuals

-New Hampshire (year founded, founder, dominated by puritans – whales, fur, and fish were natural resources)

-Rhode Island (Year founded, founder) Roger Williams founded the colony but was later banished for spreading “dangerous opinions” – wanted separation of church and state

Keywords: Mayflower Compact, Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, Puritans, religious tolerance

3.) The Middle Colonies (New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware)

-New York Colony

Year founded, founded by Dutch Colonists

-describe climate and natural resources -no specific religion

-New Jersey Colony

-Year founded, founders

-first split into East and West, both had their own constitution set in place.

-Iron ore resource

-Pennsylvania Colony

-year founded, founder

-had religious tolerance, but mostly dominated by Quakers

-referred to as “holy experiment” colony by William Penn – wanted freedom of religion

-Delaware Colony

-year founded, founders

-founded because of rich soil, known as a breadbasket colony

-overview of how the ownership of this colony frequently changed

Keywords: Religious Freedom, Quakers, Breadbasket colony, William Penn

4.) The Southern Colonies (Virginia, Maryland, Georgia)

-Virginia Colony

1607, John Smith

-First searched for gold, then built plantations to grow cash crops (overview of plantations)

-Overview of Powhatan Wars (building plantations and taking over Powhatan territory)

-Maryland Colony

-foundation date, founded by

- -religious freedom for Catholics

-The Toleration Act (promised Christians could worship freely)

-plantations grew corn, fruit, cotton, and tobacco

-Georgia Colony

-foundation date, founded by

-Land given from King George II – where debtors seek refuge from the money they owed back in England – would be thrown in jail if you couldn’t earn the money back. The colony was used as a solution

-Slavery was (at first) not allowed, but later changed.

Keywords: Cash crops, plantations, Powhatan wars, The Toleration Act, debtors

5.) Southern Colonies Continued: (North and South Carolina)

North Carolina Colony

-foundation date, founded by

-overview of how The Carolinas were once a single colony but then separated into North and South.

-King Charles II gave the land to eight noblemen (the Lord Proprietors)

-the Lord Proprietors separated the colonies

South Carolina Colony

-foundation date, founded by

-Colonists first settled in Southern part – land was better for farming, more plantations developed. Slaves made up a large portion of population, they were the work force.

-Overview of what the plantations grew, overview of Atlantic slave trade, tobacco, cotton, cash crops

You may also enjoy:

United States Interactive Notebooks

United States Interactive PowerPoints

13 Colonies Interactive Notebook

13 Colonies Interactive PowerPoint

Colonist and Native American Relations Interactive Notebooks

Colonist and Native American Relations Interactive PowerPoint

Explorers | Age of Exploration Interactive Notebooks

Explorers| Age of Exploration Interactive PowerPoints

Early Americans | First Americans | Native Americans Interactive Notebooks
Early Americans | First Americans | Native Americans Interactive PowerPoints


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All rights reserved by author. Permission to copy for single classroom use only. Electronic distribution limited to single classroom use only. (unless you purchase the multiple license)


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