The Book Thief is a great book to teach students a wide range of literary elements as well as to give them another perspective on a widely-taught historical subject: the Holocaust.
This collection includes pre-reading, during reading, and post-reading activities for The Book Thief. The pre-reading includes framing questions for discussion and a prediction summary. Also, there are section-by-section comprehensive analyses of plot, character, setting, figurative language, symbols, and thematic connections. Finally, there are five post-reading activities, including examining the power of words, an argumentative essay, and a book project.
I teach it as a whole unit with historical background and vocabulary, but you could certainly choose to cover only certain elements during a section of the novel. You can also have students jigsaw the analyses' parts and then collaborate together.