The Byzantine Empire came out of the collapse of the Roman Empire. Byzantium was a city on the shores of the Bosporus strait. This location was ideal as it connected the Mediterranean Sea to the Black Sea. It also connected Europe to Asia. When the capital was moved from Rome to Byzantium the city took on a new name, Constantinople. The city became a prime trading location because of its geographical location. The city grew in power and wealth. This wealth is what attracted many enemies to the empire and caused the need for Constantinople to develop defenses. The Byzantine Empire was success for over 1000 years until it finally fell to the Turks.
The Byzantine Empire also influenced the growth of Russia and Eastern Europe. Russia’s unique geographical location allowed it to be influenced by the Byzantine Empire. Eastern Europe’s unique geography played a role in the migration that contributed to cultural diversity in Eastern Europe. Geography is a common theme throughout the unit.
This unit will serve as a link between the fall of Ancient Rome and the rise of Islam.