This complete literature unit for teaching The Devil's Arithmetic by Jane Yolen is appropriate for Grades 5-8. Essential questions to promote critical thinking are included and guide instructional activities. The English Language Arts Common Core Standards for Grade 8 are incorporated. Also included are student performance objectives and assessment ideas. Lessons include hands-on activities, research opportunities, literature circle questions, and opportunities for students to write reflectively and creatively. Additionally, this unit includes 12 pages of printable sheets to aid instruction.