Use this document based questions lesson to encourages students to better understand World War I using a number of primary and secondary sources. This lesson emphasizes how WWI was unlike any other war the world had ever seen; students will understand how optimistic people were in 1914, and how these opinions changed so drastically in less than 5 years of fighting.
Types of documents include:
Art Analysis: How did artistic depiction of war change from before and after WWI?
Numbers/Stat analysis: Which side/nations suffered the most? Why? Prove it!
Historical Fiction Analysis: excerpts from All Quiet on the Western Front encourage students to consider the point of view of German soldiers, only to find out they are not unlike the young men fighting for the Allies.
Letters from Soldiers and Propaganda: How does the nation keep morale high when the tales of life in the trenches is so horrifying?
This lesson includes all the documents and guiding questions (graphic organizers) needed. This lesson usually takes my 9th grade World Studies students two 45-minute periods to complete.
Most answers are open-ended and/or opinion based, so an Answer Key is not included.