Four Corners of the World - The Great Inca Empire:
The Inca were the last inheritors of an empire begun by the Moche, Nasca and Chimú. From their capital city, Cuzco, their rulers presided over 25,000 kilometers of roads, suspension bridges and 6,000,000 subjects from many nations. The entire kingdom was a single republic governed by the same laws, privileges and customs, rigidly controlled through an ingenious system of socialism that gave everyone the basic necessities of life in return for their work on behalf of the state.
The Inca had no writing system but were able to preserve a wealth of information and oral traditions using quipus or knotted woolen cords. These were stored and “read” by their official interpreters, the quipucamayocs. The official language of the empire, Quechua, or more accurately, Runasimi (People Mouth), had great powers of expression and flexibility and is still spoken extensively throughout the Andean region.
Pachacutec Inca Yupanqui was supreme ruler of the “Four Corners of the World,” comprising Peru, Equador, Bolivia, North West Argentina and the most of Chile by the end of the fifteenth century. Social reformer, architect, engineer, poet and administrator, his genius for design can be seen today in the great agricultural terraces climbing the steep faces of the Andes which are still in use. His sacred hymns, or “jaillis,” were performed during the annual ceremony of the Situa Raymi, held at the first new moon after the Spring equinox and are among the world’s great religious poetry.
Get to know more about the great Inca Empire and bring native cultures of the Americas into the classroom with this stunning presentation!