In the year 2000, the Director of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and the United States Secretary of Education convened a group of reading experts in order to discuss the essential components of reading instruction. This group became known as the National Reading Panel. The Panel concluded that there were five components to literacy instruction: fluency, comprehension, vocabulary, phonics and phonemic awareness. All five of the components relate to the purpose of reading, which is to gain understanding from text. Fluency was described by the Panel as including speed, accuracy, and proper expression in oral reading.
This is an article written for teachers who want to know more about fluent reading, why its important and how fluency instruction can be incorporated into the elementary classroom. After reading this article, you will have practical and specific ways to add fluency instruction to your classroom.
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