The Market Revolution started when people began to rapidly buy and sell goods, rather than make them for themselves. Free Enterprise, the freedom of private businesses to operate for profit with minor forms government regulation (rules), played a major role in this movement. Entrepreneurs, people who invested their own money in the new industries, made great profits by selling various items made in factories.
In 1807, Robert Fulton helped to bring in the epoch of the steamboat when he successfully used a steamboat to travel up the Hudson River from New York to Albany. Railroad companies started using the telegraph to make travel more coordinated and efficient. By the 1850s, the USA had over nine thousand miles of railroad tracks.
In 1837, Samuel Morse invented the telegraph and changed the world. It could send messages over great distances using Morse Code. Now, businesses, railroads, governments, and other entities could communicate virtually instantaneously within this USA.
In Lowell, Massachusetts, and other places, entrepreneurs built many textile (clothes) factories. They hired women and children and paid them low wages and worked them for long hours. Workers fought for better working condition in various factories. In Commonwealth vs. Hunt, the Supreme Court ruled workers could go on strike to negotiate with their employers through organizing unions.
Immigration from Europe increased a great deal in the mid-1800s. About three million immigrants came to the USA in this era. Around one third were from Ireland and were fleeing a drastic potato famine. Those who came from Ireland faced discrimination due to their religious affiliation with Catholicism. Likewise, many Irish worked for lower wages and this caused resentment and hostility with native workers.
US History Lesson Plans Include
1) Bell ringer / opening activity
2) PowerPoint presentation
3) Guided notes worksheet for PowerPoint presentation
4) Bonus worksheet (vocabulary, crosswords, word search, etc.)
5) Daily quiz / assessment - exit slip!
6) Content reading handout
7) Compatible with ALL textbooks
8) Answer keys for all worksheets, handouts, & assessments
9) Editable documents (word, PowerPoint, etc.)
10) PDF copies for easy viewing & printing
11) Aligned to national standards
12) Works with Unit or as a stand alone lesson
13) Other bonus materials (videos, extra worksheets, etc.)
Most of our plans include the contents of this list. Please see the photo above for actual contents.