Present History traces the development and spread of Islam and the expansion and decline of the world's first Muslim empire. This world-history presentation begins with the role of physical geography on the Arabian peninsula, the importance of the caravan trade, Muhammad and the rise of Islam, the Hijrah, the Five Pillars of Islam, the Quran, the Battle of Tours, the split in Islam between the Sunni and Shiite, Baghdad's House of Wisdom, mosques, the Arabic system and the Astrolabe, the Seljuk Turks and Saladin, Alexius I and the Crusades, and Genghis Khan and the Mongols. This presentation includes a look at the claims to Jerusalem by Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Essential questions include: Identify and explain the origins and expansion of Islam and the creation of the Islamic Empire. What role did geography play in the rise of Islam? What role does Dar al-Islam play in the Muslim world? Explain the significance of the caliphate? What led to the division of Islam? Explain the significance of the Sahara Desert on the expansion of Islam. Explain the Battle of Tours as a turning point in history. Find a student note guide on this presentation by searching "The Rise of Islam Notes and Review." Also find a review game for this unit by searching "$25,000 Pyramid, Rise of Islam."