The guided reading passages have been written with the aim of challenging and extending readers. Each unit is self contained. A graphic establishes the context and leads into discussion points before the reading of the passage to utilize any previous knowledge the reader may have and to pool the collected background understanding. The passage itself has been written in an engaging way. The questions that follow encourage the reader to gather an answer from the entire text and to look at the implications of the story. In other words, higher order reading skills are being promoted. The writing challenge after reading encourages the reader to go beyond the story itself and look at what might be taking place in the character's mind or in situations beyond the boundary of the graphic and the story. In other words, the reader is required to project what has been learned into a broader context.