This one page Word document presents a graphic organizer for pulling quotes from a text and providing commentary related to a specific theme. It can be used as an individual lesson or repeatably as a unit plan.
I use this with To Kill a Mockingbird. The list of included themes reflect this title, e.g. courage. However, this document is editable, and ultimately this chart will work with any book. It would be easy to google "universal themes" or simply tailor this to another novel.