Sub Topics: Hardy views life from the standpoint of pessimist
Key Words: chance and accidence, novel, Tess of D’Urbervilles, Hardy, Aeschylus, president of the Immortal, supreme powers, fate, Devine power, Shakespeare, tragic vision ‘character is destiny’, idealistic, tragic catastrophe, adverse situations
Towards the end of the novel Tess of D’Urbervilles, Hardy says that if Aeschylus had been the author of the novel, he would have described the story of Tess as a game played by the president of the Immortal. Hardy seeks to suggest that according to Aeschylus man is but a toy in the hands of some supreme powers which may suitably be called the president of the immortality. Whether Aeschylus exclusively advocates the supremacy of fate or some Devine power is a question which is not without controversy. But since our subject is Hardy, and Aeschylus, we should not enter into the thorny area of Aeschylus is fatalism.