Tier 2 robust vocabulary activities and assessments based on research from Beck, McKeown and Kucan. Relevant, real life manipulation of words. Researched based questions increase comprehension as well as retention of the meanings over 2 weeks. Proven to promote usage of these Tier 2 words in writing essays as well. Units 9-15 that follow build on vocabulary learned here proven to promote recall and rote memory of these Tier 2 words.