Do you struggle with the same dilemma as I do? I'm talking about choosing which academic words to teach! Well, researchers agree that vocabulary instruction should include TIER 2 words to get the most impact on speaking and writing across all settings (and across the curriculum).
Tier 1 vocabulary includes foundational language and common, basic words. Tier 1 words are mostly concrete and rarely have multiple meanings. Most children learn these words easily. Tier 3 are low frequency words that are very specific to a subject. These include all that content specific vocabulary (for science, math, ELA, history, etc.). While teaching Tier 3 words are worthwhile in a class such as biology or civics, it's the TIER 2 words that are most useful to students. Tier 2 words are academic words that students will see throughout their schooling all across content areas. Teach those to get the most bang for your buck!
Tier 2 words are:
- words students will encounter in all subjects, on tests, and in rich conversations words that important for comprehension
- words that may have multiple meanings
- words that help students sound like mature language users when writing and speaking
After much research, I've compiled lists of words most widely accepted as crucial Tier 2 words and arranged them according to grade level (from K through 12th grade). This free download includes the lists for 2nd and 3rd grades. I hope you find these useful.
To learn HOW and WHY we should teach these - as well as methods of research proven, effective methods for teaching vocabulary, check out my blog series all about vocabulary!
If you download this and love it, please let me know by leaving feedback. Your encouragement is what keeps me creating!