Time-On-Task Observation Chart: Usage Guide
Take this sheet and a timer to the location where you will be observing the student.
Choose a typical peer to which to compare the student you are observing. I would often choose a peer wearing the same color shirt, same brand of shoes, same type of pants, same color of hair, or other similar options. You may also want to record this student’s name in a private, secure location for future reference. I chose not to put a spot for that purpose on this sheet so that this information could be shared with parents and other stakeholders.
At the top of every minute, glance at the student you are observing and the typical peer. If the student is on task, place a checkmark in the corresponding column for each student. If a student is off task, do likewise.
Upon the completion of your observation time period, calculate the total times the student was on task and the student was off task. From those numbers calculate the percentage of time a student was on task and a student was off task.
Use this sheet as part of the RTI/MTSS process or as a way to track behavior goals for IEPs.