Why do people do what's in their own best interest when it hurts the larger community? Is there any way to get around this?
This simulation/game makes use of Garrett Hardin's central metaphor in his seminal article, "The Tragedy of the Commons." In this game, students play the part of cattle ranchers that are both trying to maximize their profit and also not deplete the common supply of grass.
This package comes with:
-A 14 page lesson plan that comes with three different versions of the game. The different versions radically change the rules of the game to make for a new experience. This will easily cover 2 - 3 class periods with a game that makes learning fun.
1) Commons version: Hardin's main metaphor: do you maximize profits or save the commons?
2) Privatization version: What happens to a common resource when it's sold to the highest bidder? Does that make people more or less likely to preserve it? What effect do different kinds of markets have on human behavior?
3) Pre-set goals version: Students play the simulation according to a specific role. Examples include: organic farmer, monopolist and landlord.
-A 17-slide Power Point about Hardin's "Tragedy of the Commons" and round-by-round instructions for the game.
-3 student worksheets, 2 of which come with answer keys