This literature unit on the Transcendental era is the fourth in a series of the American Literary movements which includes: The Puritan Era, The Age of Reason, The Romantic Era, Transcendentalism, Realism, Harlem Renaissance, Modernism and Post Modernism. Following the Age of Reason and Romantic Era, the nascent Transcendental movement marries the mystery and spirit of creation, and its influence on humanity through sensory intake, with rationalism. As the literary movement matured inside the American experience, it focused on the civil and social movements that worked to alleviate suffering, and for social justice within corporal existence. This unit covers the historic context, the major Transcendental writers and philosophers, the notable written works, 19th century social movements, and the perennial contributions of the Transcendentalist movement on American culture. It also includes scaffolded guided notes for the students.