• theme and variation structure of music
• ABA compositional structure
• two-part melody writing for singing or instruments • introduction to the bass clef
• treble and bass clef composition sheets included
Play examples of Theme and Variation, e.g., Mozart’s 12 Variations on Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star - “Ah vous dirais-je, maman” K. 265 - available on YouTube.
Look for graphics that show ABA representation in a fun way. Have the students play each part, then together in groups.
The main activity sheet refers to melody shape, changes in rhythm, or other variations. Encourage the students to represent the basic melody in graphical form to show melody direction. They may want to write sections of their variation with the melody contrary to the original.
Have students complete this activity on GarageBand, or another app that allows them to record, or input music. On another track, they could record/play in their variation and hear them played together. Students could also experiment with different instruments, and adding other tracks for rhythm or texture.
Their music could be saved as an audio file, .mp3, for example, for sharing on their website, web blog, or SoundCloud.
Their sound files could also be added as a background to a presentation or video.