U.S. Aim # 23 How does the system of Checks and Balances work?
Objectives – Students will be able to
Cite information from an informational text to support a conclusion or argument.
Define words they do not know using context clues.
Identify and describe how the system of checks and balances work.
Do Now – 3 Minutes
1. Which branch of government approves taxes?
2. Which branch of government declares war?
3. Which branch of government leads the military?
Mini - Lesson: (Teaching Point) - 10 Minutes
Review reading passage
Power Point Aim, with, hyperlinked video and
Student teacher randomized calling
Questions based on Primary and Secondary source documents
Homework # 23 - Define
1. Checks and Balances
Task: Independent Work - 12 Minutes
Students will read regents level material-
Read the Aim and Highlight the significant facts that explain and describe how the system of checks and balances work.
Circle the terms you do not understand.
No Talking and No Leaving the room.
Be sure to use facts and details to support your response to every question.
Your writing should be informative/explanatory in order to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.
Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.
Vocabulary Review – 3 Minutes
Students will circle the terms they do not understand.
Class will use context clues, prior knowledge, textbooks, and dictionaries to find out the meaning of the terms unknown.
In groups, students will answer questions related to the reading - 3 Minutes Each – 12 Minutes Total
Team Sheet # 23 – 3 Minutes Each
1. Explain why separating the powers of each branch were not enough to limit power.
2. Describe how each branch checks the other.
Group #s 1,4,7 – The Executive branch over the Legislative branch.
Group #s 2,5,8 – The Executive branch over the Judicial branch.
Group #s 3,6,9 – The Legislative branch over the Judicial branch.
3. Describe how each branch checks the other.
Group #s 1,4,7 – The Legislative branch over the Executive branch.
Group #s 2,5,8 – The Judicial branch over the Executive branch.
Group #s 3,6,9 – The Judicial branch over the Legislative branch.
Student Share - 15 Minutes
Students will pull information from reading handout to explain their team sheet questions. Each answer must be supported by the reading.
Students will be able to answer material relevant questions.
Exit Ticket –
Students will answer close out questions displaying depth of knowledge
Question # 23a
What is one of the powers of the Supreme Court?
1. To appoint new officials to advise the President.
2. To declare the President’s actions unconstitutional.
3. To impeach the President.
4. To veto a presidential act.
Question # 23b
Presidents have nominated many Supreme Court Justices who were never confirmed. Why?
1. The nominations were vetoed by the House of Representatives.
2. The nominees were impeached.
3. The nominees were rejected by the Cabinet.
4. The Senate refused to confirm the nominations.
Question # 23c
What is one of the powers of the President?
1. To declare laws unconstitutional.
2. To impeach members of congress.
3. To override vetoes.
4. To veto bills.
Students will be able to answer pertinent questions related to the material, graded work including do now and team sheet.
1. Use the historical method of inquiry to ask questions, evaluate primary and secondary sources, critically analyze and interpret data, and develop interpretations defended by evidence a. Evaluate a historical source for point of view and historical context (DOK 2 ‐ 3) b. Gather and analyze historical information, including contradictory data, from a variety of primary and secondary sources, including sources located on the Internet, to support or reject hypotheses (DOK 1 ‐ 3) c. Construct and defend a written historical argument using relevant primary and secondary sources as evidence (DOK 1 ‐ 3) d. Differentiate between facts and historical interpretations, recognizing that a historian's narrative reflects his or her judgment about the significance of particular facts (DOK 2 ‐ 3)
2. The key concepts of continuity and change, cause and effect, complexity, unity and diversity over time World history (both East and West including modern world history): a. Evaluate continuity and change over the course of world history (DOK 1 ‐ 3) b. Investigate causes and effects of significant events in world history (DOK 1 ‐ 2) c. Analyze the complexity of events in world history (DOK 2 ‐ 3) d. Examine and evaluate issues of unity and diversity in world history (DOK 1 ‐ 3) United States history (Reconstruction to the present): e. Analyze continuity and change in eras over the course of United States history (DOK 2 ‐ 3) f. Investigate causes and effects of significant events in United States history. Topics to include but not limited to WWI, Great Depression, Cold War (DOK 1 ‐ 2) g. Analyze the complexity of events in United States history. Topics to include but not limited to the suffrage movement and the Civil Rights Movement (DOK 2 ‐ 3) h. Examine and evaluate issues of unity and diversity from Reconstruction to present. Topics to include but not limited to the rise and fall of Jim Crow, role of patriotism, and the role of religion (DOK 1 ‐ 3)
The significance of ideas as powerful forces throughout history World history (both East and West including modern world history) a. Discuss the historical development and impact of major world religions and philosophies. Topics to include but not limited to the Enlightenment and modern changes in Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism and Hinduism (DOK 1 ‐ 3) b. Investigate the historical development of and impact of major scientific and technological innovations. Topics to include but not limited to the Industrial Revolution (DOK 1 ‐ 3) c. Evaluate the historical development and impact of political thought, theory and actions (DOK 1 ‐ 3) d. Analyze the origins of fundamental political debates and how conflict, compromise, and cooperation have shaped national unity and diversity. Topics to include but not limited to suffrage, Civil Rights and the role of government (DOK 1 ‐ 3) e. Analyze ideas critical to the understanding of American history. Topics to include but not limited to populism, progressivism, isolationism, imperialism, anti ‐ communism, environmentalism, liberalism, fundamentalism, and conservatism (DOK 1 ‐ 3) f. Describe and analyze the historical development and impact of the arts and literature on the culture of the United States (DOK 1 ‐ 3)