This lesson introduces students to U.S. foreign policy. Students will need to be able to differentiate between “domestic” and “foreign” policy and many examples or provided throughout this lesson. Students will learn about the role that the president and Congress play in developing foreign policy. For the president this includes: signing treaties, appointing ambassadors and the secretary of state, and serving as commander-in-chief of the military and chief diplomat. Students will also learn how Congress has the power to declare war, approve treaties and ambassadors, and provide funding for foreign policy. Students are introduced to the goals of foreign policy: national security, maintain peace, spreading democracy, increasing trade, and providing aid. An overview of the role that the secretary of state, the State Department, and embassies and provided and their role in foreign policy and diplomacy. The process for making treaties is provided as well as two examples: N.A.T.O. – the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and N.A.F.T.A. – the North American Free Trade Agreement. The importance of alliances in the process of diplomacy and treaties is also provided. An overview of foreign aid is covered with amounts and recipients. Deterrents for countries that the United States is having trouble with are provided with sanctions and military force. An overview of countries facing U.S. sanctions with the economic consequences is covered as well as the President’s role as commander-in-chief and congressional power to declare war in foreign policy of using military force. Definitions for key term such as: diplomacy, treaties, alliances, and sanctions are provided.
• Completed lesson plan with step-by-step instructions
• PowerPoint presentation
• PDF’s provided for Google Doc users
• Smartboard activity
• Video Clip Links
• Bell ringers
Check out the YouTube video US Foreign Policy that goes with this lesson @ Mr. Raymond’s Civics EOC Academy YouTube channel:
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Mr. Raymond’s Civics E.O.C. Academy was designed for students taking the Florida Civics End-of-Course (EOC) Exam. However, as many states are implementing Civics Exams, these videos will work for all students of Civics, US Government, and US History. Currently students have to pass a civics state exam in order to graduate in Idaho, Wisconsin, North Carolina, Arizona, North Dakota, Louisiana, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Utah – as well as state social studies tests such as Texas’ STAAR exam, as well as Virginia’s Civics SOL exam. These videos look at all of the civics benchmarks that will be tested on most state civics exams.