Imperialism: Should US annex territories to establish a global empire?
DBQ: American Imperialism
Should the United States annex territories in order to establish a global empire?
Should it honor American roots by granting self-rule to the native peoples of those lands?
Should the United States annex territories in order to establish a global empire? Or should it honor American roots by granting self-rule to the native peoples of those lands?
Use your knowledge of the debate over American imperialism and the
following documents to answer questions 1 through 4.
The taking of the Philippines does not violate the principles of the Declaration of Independence, but will spread them among a people who have never known liberty and who in a few years will be unwilling to leave the shelter of the American flag. . . .
The form of government natural to the Asiatic has always been despotism. . . . [T]o abandon those islands is to leave them to anarchy, [and] to short-lived military dictatorships. . . .
-Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, March 1900
I wanted the American eagle to go screaming into the Pacific. It seemed tiresome and tame for it to content itself with the Rockies. Why not spread its wings over the Philippines, I asked myself? And I thought it would be a real good thing to do. . . . But I have thought some more, since then, and I have read carefully the treaty of Paris, and I have seen that we do not
intend to free, but to subjugate the people of the Philippines. We have gone there to conquer, not to redeem. . . . And so I am an anti-imperialist. I am opposed to having the eagle put its talons on any other land.
-Mark Twain, October 1900
1. Which of the documents is a primary source that supports the maintenance of American control over the Philippines to ensure a stable government there?
2. According to Document A, how did the cartoonist choose to portray the Filipino population?
3. Mark Twain most closely agrees with which of the other documents?
4. Writing Task How did the principles of the American Revolution influence the debate over American imperialism in the Philippines? Use your knowledge of the aftermath of the Spanish-American War and specific evidence from the primary sources above to support your opinion.