This is an essay assignment hat both challenges advanced students and allows even some of the lowest performing writers to succeed. The essay topic is a comparison between the United States today and the Roman Empire as it declined. Students are required to write a 5 paragraph essay that supports their thesis statement (the US is/is not similar to Rome) with evidence and facts. For high achievers, the essay will challenge them with research, the need for data / stats, and the need to organize a cohesive essay around a thesis statement. The best part of this is, I have already differentiated it for you- I have included a step by step pre-write for students who struggle with writing. The outline will guide them through the entire writing process, with or without teacher assistance. Students of all levels will see a great improvement in their grades and writing!