This primary source activity is designed with eighth graders in mind, but could be used with students in grades 5 through 7. It may also be appropriate for secondary students with special needs. The lesson is aligned to the Common Core, IL State Standards, and contains elements of the Danielson Framework that your evaluator may be looking for when completing a walkthrough or an observation. Through this “print and go” activity, students will closely compare the preambles of the Illinois and US Constitutions and identify similarities and differences. The assessment portion of the assignment requires students to reflect on their understanding by writing an essay in which they compare and contrast the two preambles. A worksheet key and rubric for the compare and contrast essay are included. This lesson can be used as a “stand alone” or it can be incorporated into your existing Constitution unit or lesson. It will take students approximately 100 minutes to complete the worksheet and the writing assignment.