Unit 2: Absolutism and Enlightenment

Unit 2: Absolutism and Enlightenment
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    Unit 2: Absolutism and Enlightenment

    I can explain the key events and ideas that led to the development of more limited governments in Europe in the 1600s and 1700s?

    U2L1 Learning Goals

    I can identify the characteristics of and differences between limited and unlimited government.

    I can explain how the English Civil War and the Glorious Revolution led to a limited government in England.

    Limited and Unlimited Government Topics

    What is Limited Government

    What is Unlimited Government

    Who ruled in Europe in the 1600s & 1700s?

    What was “divine right of kings”?

    What were some examples of absolute monarchs?

    Louis XIV

    Did the people like their monarchs?

    Where did the idea of limited government come from?

    When did Parliament get started?

    Who was the English Civil War between?

    What was the Glorious Revolution?

    What was the English Bill of Rights?


    U2L2 Learning Targets

    I can identify traditional beliefs about science.

    I can explain the contributions of Copernicus and Galileo.

    I can summarize how the Scientific Revolution challenged the authority of the Catholic Church and changed the way people thought.


    What was the Scientific Revolution?

    Where did people get knowledge before the Scientific Revolution?

    What did they think about the Earth?

    What is a revolution in thinking?

    What is a geocentric universe?

    Who was Ptolemy?

    What did the Church think about the universe?

    When did these ideas change?

    What do astronomers do?

    Who was Copernicus?

    What is the difference between the geocentric theory of the universe and the heliocentric theory of the universe?

    How did the church respond?

    What was Galileo's role?

    How did the Church feel about Galileo?


    U2L3: Learning Targets

    I can identify the steps and characteristics of the Scientific Method.

    I can explain the contributions of Newton.

    U2L3: Learning Topics/Questions

    Who was Francis Bacon?

    Why was the Scientific Method important?

    Who was Isaac Newton?

    What impact did reason have on science?


    Learning Target:

    I can identify how the ideas of the Enlightenment challenged absolutism and led to limited government.

    Topic Titles:

    What was the Enlightenment?

    Where did reason come from?

    Who wanted to apply reason to society?

    What are the two schools of thought?

    What were Hobbes’ ideas?

    What were Locke’s ideas?

    How did they feel about government?

    Can you find Locke’s ideas in the Declaration of Independence?


    Learning Target:

    I can analyze the Enlightenment ideas of Locke, Rousseau, Montesquieu, and Voltaire that challenged absolutism and influenced the development of limited government.

    Topic Titles:

    What is a philosopher?

    What is a philosopher?

    What is an example of a social contract?

    Who were the French philosophers?

    What was Montesquieu’s idea?

    What is the point of dividing the branches?

    What are checks and balances?

    What is the “general will” of the people?

    What ideas came from Voltaire?

    What part of the US Constitution did Voltaire inspire?


    Learning Target:

    I can identify how the ideas of the Enlightenment influenced the idea of creating constitutions to protect the rights of the people and limit the power of the leaders.

    Topic Titles:

    Where does government power come from?

    Why is a constitution necessary?

    What does a constitution do?

    Does a constitution have to be written?

    Do some countries have written constitutions?

    What is the purpose of a constitution?

    What did the desire to limit government cause?

    English Civil War to Glorious Revolution Flowchart:

    People Stated

    Elizabeth I

    James I

    Charles I

    Oliver Cromwell

    Charles II

    James II

    William and Mary

    English Bill of Rights

    Total Pages
    77 pages
    Answer Key
    Teaching Duration
    2 Weeks
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