Unit III: Industrial Revolution 10 th grade industrialization begins

Unit III: Industrial Revolution 10 th grade industrialization begins
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Unit III: Industrial Revolution
Objective #4:Industrialization Begins

I. Agricultural Revolution
• Before 1700s, farms were small and very inefficient
• Eventually, wealthy landowners purchased village landholdings, developing more efficient methods and increasing crop yields
• Enclosures allowed farmers to experiment with new agricultural methods and equipment, like crop rotation and the seed drill
• Improvements increased food supplies and improved living conditions...boosting the demand for food and goods

II. Industrial Revolution Begins
• A growing demand for goods encouraged industrialization
• Great Britain had several advantages:1) large population of workers; 2) natural resources, like water, coal, and iron; 3) rivers for inland transportation; and harbors for merchant ships
• Britain's highly developed banking system and economic prosperity, as well as its political stability helped too!
III. Textile Industry
• Britain's textile industry, which clothed the world in wool, linen, and cotton, was the first to be transformed from the cottage industry to the factory system
• Several inventions modernized the industry, including Kay's flying shuttle, Hargreaves's spinning Jenny, and Arkwright's water frame
• Size of machines and power sources, forced merchants to build factories near streams and rivers

IV. Transportation Improves
• Textile industry spurred other improvements, like the steam engine
• People discovered that steam could be used to propel boats and railroad locomotives
• The Liverpool-Manchester Railroad was born...it was an immediate success, giving manufactures a cheap way to transport material and goods, creating thousands of jobs, boosted agricultural and fishing industries; and travel was made easier
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