Vietnam War- Stations on Key Events, War At home, Weapons, People, Songs, etc.

Vietnam War- Stations on Key Events, War At home, Weapons,
Vietnam War- Stations on Key Events, War At home, Weapons,
Vietnam War- Stations on Key Events, War At home, Weapons,
Vietnam War- Stations on Key Events, War At home, Weapons,
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The Things They Carried: Vietnam Background and Book assignment

Objective:
Dividing the class into small groups, students will explore in the library, using available library materials and internet sites so that the Vietnam War and some of the events during this era will be more relative to them.

At each station students will be instructed in different tasks, each task not exceeding 15 minutes.


Assessment:
Students will be graded on their efforts, their peer discussions, and their worksheets

What Students Will Be Doing At Each Station




Station # 1: Video Clips on Vietnam
• Students with their group in the library will watch a video clip on Vietnam entitled “Vietnam: A Documentary History” by Michael Wallace

• Here they will fill out the worksheet with their group based on the video clip






Station #2: “Songs from Vietnam”
• At this station students will receive historical background of the Vietnam War based upon various musicians from the era.

• They will develop an understanding of the protest movement against the Vietnam War by listening to various rock songs of the times

• Students will listen to several selected tracks from the CD “Songs from Divided House”, and answer questions presented on worksheet.





Station # 3: Images of the Vietnam War
• In their group, students will find four different images, chosen from the book Nam: A Photographic History by Leo J. Daugherty and Gregory Louis Mattson.

• Students will then write down the page number of the picture, and write a short description of the image and their reaction to that image





Station # 4: Magazine Articles on Microfilm: The Atrocities of War

• Students will be asked to define the word “Atrocity”

• Then using microreaders students will look up several chosen article on Vietnam and answer questions presented on the worksheet



Station # 5: Time: Almanac of the 20th Century
• Using the DVD- “Time : Almanac of the 20th Century”, and looking at chapters from the 1950s, 60s, and 70s students will on a separate piece of paper write two things they did not know prior to listening to the DVD from each decade





Station # 6: Two Controversies Related to Vietnam: Kent State and Lt. Calley’s Court Martial

• Students will use the internet and access Lakeland High School’s Library site

• Using GaleNet Discovering Collection database (ID=shru25397), type: Kent State and National Guard in the search box

• Then answer questions presented on worksheet




Station # 7: Vietnam Veterans Wall
• Using the sites below and reading “Faith Grace in Troops’ Final Words: Wartime deaths give meaning to each syllable in last letters”, students will research the formation and construction of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington D.C

• In their groups and on a separate piece of paper, students will then create their own memorial in the classroom by making and dedicating objects to the soldiers

Sites
• A Vietnam Veteran’s Memorial Wall: http://thewall-usa.com/index.html
 Site contains personal reflections about The Wall from a veteran’s perspective as well as other links to Wall sites

• Official Vietnam Veterans Memorial Site: http://www.vvmf.org/
 This site is helpful in getting history and information about The Wall

• Vietnam Veterans Memorial Around the World: http://www.nashville.k12.tn.us/CyberGuides/ThingsTheyCarried/teachertemplate.html
 This site provides information on The Wall, as well as memorials in individual states, and personal reflections by visitors to The Wall



Station # 8: Books to Identify Places/ Explain Terms
• At this station students will map out various locations in Vietnam

• Then students will use books and/or internet resources and relate several terms presented from the worksheet to the Vietnamese War



Some Possible Helpful Sites
• Vietnam Timeline: http://www.miss-saigon.com/origins/timeline/index.html
 This is the “Miss Saigon” website, it gives a year to year account of Vietnam


• Yahoo! Directory of American History in the 1960s: http://dir.yahoo.com/Arts/Humanities/History/U_S_History/20th_Century/1960s/
 This website contains a collection of sites for your group to explore

• Patio Suburia: http://home.texoma.net/~kgreg/
 Look at suburban America in the 1960s. This included some sites from music and television

• Psychedelic 60’s: (http://www.lib.virginia.edu/exhibits/sixties/idex.html)
 literary traditions and social change. A site maintained by the University of Virginia

• Yahoo! Director of American History in the 1970s: http://dir.yahoo.com/arts/Humanities/History/U_S_History/20th_Century/1970s/




AFTER ALL STATIONS ARE COMPLETED, Students will return to the classroom. The Instructor then will ask all the students to empty out whatever is in their book bags and make a list.

This will be a introduction into the O’Brien’s novel: The Things They Carried, because O’Brien refers to the items each man carried with him on his voyage.

For Homework students will read the first two chapters of O’Brien’s book.






SECTION 1: 2 minutes Background of 1964. The North Vietnamese were fighting the South Vietnamese. The United States was on the side of South Vietnam, trying to keep it from becoming Communist like the North was.

1. President Lyndon B. Johnson (LBJ) felt he had to take a strong stand in Vietnam, so in 1964 he found pretext [ a false reason to cover up the truth] to enter war. This was _______________________________________________________________________

2. What is the TRUTH behind the bombing of Tonkin?


3. In 1965, the first combat troops were sent to Vietnam. How many were there?_______

4. Their job was to protect Vietnam from ________________________________________

SECTION 2: 6 minutes. Battle of Khe Sahn (1966-1968)


1. The DMZ stands for the De-Militarized Zone. How many marines were in Vietnam now?
_________________________

2. In Spring 1967, Hill 881 became the largest battle of the war.
• How long did the battle last? ____________
• How many men were lost in that battle? __________


3. Listen to the comments of the U.S. soldiers as they describe the long battle. Describe the Battle of Khe Sahn in their words (give at least two quotations):










STATION #1: Video Clips on Vietnam (CONT…)



SECTION 3: 3 minutes. The TET Offensive in 1968.

Shattering the truce that they had agreed to, the North Vietnamese began the TET Offensive. 1. 1. The video clip calls the TET Offensive and the year 1968 “the year ________________.”

2.We lost _____________ men in that engagement.

3. What was the reaction at home to Vietnam now? Describe what you see.




4. How many protestors were demonstrating around the Pentagon? _____________

5. If you were the North Vietnamese and you saw the protests, you might conclude that:









1. Listen to Tracks 1 and 6. President Lyndon B. Johnson is speaking.

• Track 1: August 4, 1964: Tonkin Gulf, Vietnam incident and resolution.
What is Lyndon Johnson saying here? _______________________________


• Track 6: August 4, 1964:Escalation of the Vietnam War. Listen to LBJ. What does “escalation” of the war mean? ___________________________________


2. Listen to Tracks 10 and 14. President Richard M. Nixon is speaking.


• Track 10: January 20, 1969 Presidential Inaugural Speech.
What is Richard Nixon saying here? ___________________________________

• Track 14: January 23, 1973 The End of the VietnamWar. Richard Nixon speaking Figure out from the dates above how long the Vietnam War lasted.__________


3. TRACK 3: “I-Feel-Like-I’m Fixin’-To-Die Rag” by Country Joe and the Fish

• Listen to the CHORUS of this song. What are the words?



• What is meant by “pearly gates”?_______________________________
• What does last line of chorus’ stanza mean?_______________________

• Do you think the song lyrics should be taken seriously? Is this really what the group means about Vietnam? Why or why not.



• Listen to background music, its beat, its noisemakers. How does all of this reinforce your answer in #3?


• What is the attitude of Country Joe and the Fish towards war? Give a ONE-WORD answer that identifies this TONE. ___________________

• Is this song PRO-WAR or ANTI-WAR? Circle your answer.

STATION 2: VIETNAM SONGS (continued)





• LBJ = initials of President Johnson. What does “escalation” mean as used here?


• The chorus has the line “Help save Vietnam from the Vietnamese”. How does this one line convey the singer’s attitude?


• Again, pay attention to the background music. Does it fit the words of the song? Explain.


• Is this song PRO-WAR or ANTI-WAR? Circle your answer.

• When we say one thing and mean another, what is that literary term called?
_________________________________________





• The Green Berets is a special force trained as specialty unit. Notice the singer’s rank. What does this suggest about his attitude towards war? ________________
__________________________________________________________________

• This is a BALLAD. That means it is a “story that is being sung” and that is has a repeating chorus or line.
o What’s the story about?


o What’s the chorus?

In ONE word, what is Sadler’s attitude towards the Vietnam War? __________________

Is the song PRO-WAR or ANTI-WAR? Circle your answer.

How does the music help convey Sadler’s attitude?


What literary term is used to explain the difference between songs in Tracks 3,5 VS. Track 7? ______________________________




Station 2: Vietnam Songs Continued….





o What’s the title mean? ___________________________________________

o Explain the following references (ALLUSIONS) in the song:
1. “Old enough to kill but not for voting” ________________________
2. “eastern world” __________________________________________
3. “button is pushed” ________________________________________
4. “marches themselves can’t bring integration” ___________________
5. “look at all the hate there is in Red China, but then take a look around at Selma, Alabama” _________________________________________

o As evidenced from his TONE (attitude of the speaker), what’s McGuire’s attitude towards WAR and the EVENTS of the 1960s/1970s? ___________________


o What line do you think is the most powerful line in this song?









1. According to the song, how does someone get out of going to Vietnam?


2. Listen to the words of this song. Is this ALL about Vietnam? Explain your answer, giving THREE references to what you’re saying.





3. Explain Ochs’ attitude towards war.



4. Is song PRO-WAR or ANTI-WAR? Circle your answer.





Directions: Find FOUR images in the book: Nam: A Photographic History by Leo J. Daugherty and Gregory Louis Mattson. Write the page number of the image, a description of the image and your reaction to each image.

Page # of image: _________
Short description of image and your reaction to it:










Page # of image: _________
Short description of image and your reaction to it:








Page # of image: _________
Short description of image and your reaction to it:







Page # of image: _________
Short description of image and your reaction to it:









Directions: You will be going from Microfilm reader #1 to Microfilm reader #2 to Microfilm reader #3 and answering questions on each article.

DEFINE: “ATROCITY” _______________________________________

At Reader #1: Article from TIME October 31, 1969 p. 32-33 called “Massacre of Hue”. This article describes some of the atrocities committed by the Communists on the South Vietnamese.

1. About how many South Vietnamese bodies were unearthed around Hue?
2. Describe where some of the bodies were found.



3. What were some of the reasons why the South Vietnamese were killed by the Communists?



At Reader #2: Article from LOOK, August 12, 1969, p. 26-32 “Incident at Van Duong”. This articles describes atrocities committed by American soldiers.

On page 31, the first column describes what a group of marines did to 3 Vietnamese civilians. Read this column.

1. What is your reaction to the actions of the marines?


2.Consider the actions. What kind of actions bothered you the most?



3. Why did the Americans do such things (read third column, paragraph beginning “Why did Allen do it?”









Station 4: Magazine Articles on Microfilm: The Atrocities of War (CONT…)



At Reader #3, article from LIFE, December 5,1969, p.36+ . This article describes the massacre at My Lai.
Look through the 10 pages of pictures and eyewitness accounts.

1. Find a line or quotation from the article that you feel is significant and write it below.

2. Why do you think that quote is significant? What is your overall reaction?










Station # 5: Time: Almanac of the 20th Century


• Using the DVD- “Time : Almanac of the 20th Century”, and looking at chapters from the 1950s, 60s, and 70s students will on a separate piece of paper write two things they did not know prior to listening to the DVD from each decade





Directions: Go to a computer and access the Lakeland home page. Access libraries, go to Lakeland High School Library. Now, using GaleNet Discovering Collection database (shru25397 is the library ID if you need it), type: Kent State and National Guard in the search term box.

Read the article and answer the two questions below.

1. Explain in your own words why the students were so angry and why the Guardsmen felt justified in their actions.





2. What was the impact of the event?




Next, type: Calley in the search box and read the article called “Calley Court-martialed for My Lai massacre.”

1. How was Hugh Thompson a hero during this event?





2. Do you feel Calley’s court martial was justified? Why or why not? Be specific.










Station # 7: Vietnam Veterans Wall
• Using the sites below and reading “Faith Grace in Troops’ Final Words: Wartime deaths give meaning to each syllable in last letters”, students will research the formation and construction of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington D.C

• In their groups and on a separate piece of paper, students will then create their own memorial in the classroom by making and dedicating objects to the soldiers

Sites
• A Vietnam Veteran’s Memorial Wall: http://thewall-usa.com/index.html
 Site contains personal reflections about The Wall from a veteran’s perspective as well as other links to Wall sites

• Official Vietnam Veterans Memorial Site: http://www.vvmf.org/
 This site is helpful in getting history and information about The Wall

• Vietnam Veterans Memorial Around the World: http://www.nashville.k12.tn.us/CyberGuides/ThingsTheyCarried/teachertemplate.html
 This site provides information on The Wall, as well as memorials in individual states, and personal reflections by visitors to The Wall






Directions:

1. On the attached map, label the following:
• Hanoi
• Saigon
• My Lai
• DMZ (Demilitarized Zone)
• DaNang
• Khe Sanh
• Ho Chi Minh Trail
• Gulf of Tonkin
• Laos
• Cambodia
• Thailand


2. Then use books to find the relation of the following to the Vietnamese War:

1. TINKER v. DES MOINES




2. JANE FONDA




3. OPERATION BABYLIFT




4. NAPALM



5. DEFOLIATION
Total Pages
16
Answer Key
N/A
Teaching Duration
N/A

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Vietnam War- Stations on Key Events, War At home, Weapons,
Vietnam War- Stations on Key Events, War At home, Weapons,
Vietnam War- Stations on Key Events, War At home, Weapons,
Vietnam War- Stations on Key Events, War At home, Weapons,
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