Vowels to the Rescue LONG O (OA, OE)
Average working time 20 minutes per lesson.
Objectives: to develop the ability to recognize the long sound of O, to reinforce recognition of words which contain the vowel
digraphs OA and OE, to give practice in reading sentences which contain
words that have the long sound of O.
Swim through the sea of phonics instruction with 12 lessons that concentrate on the long and short sounds of the vowels. Lively audio introductions set the stage for the vowel sound to be studied. Dramatization and humorous story-lines heighten interest. Students are guided through written exercises grouped around specific vowel sounds, while enjoying Skill-building games, rhymes, puzzles and secret messages. Self-directing/Self-correcting lessons provide for individualized or small group instruction.
Vowels to the Rescue is a multimedia series of 12 lessons designed to supplement and individualize reading instruction for students in grades 2 through 4 but may be used for older students as well. The program concentrates on the long and short sounds of the vowels. Each lesson employs audio and three reproducible activity sheets. This combination of media allows students to work independently with the audio providing an external support system enabling students to discriminate the vowel sounds and to use vowel letters to build words. Students also gain practice with vowel digraphs and phonograms.
Each audio-directed lesson begins with a lively introduction setting the stage for the vowel sound to be studied. Special effects and lively dramatizations featuring humorous story characters are used to heighten students' interest in the material to be learned. The audio narrator then guides the students through written exercises on the response sheets. Games, rhymes, puzzles, secret messages, and illustrations are just a few of the ideas used to create interest in the lessons. Most exercises are grouped around a specific vowel sound so that students may practice recognizing words that contain that vowel sound.
Although the program is designed to be used in second through fourth grade, it can be a valuable tool in remedial work at higher grade levels.
Because of the individual response times necessary to complete the exercises on the activity sheets, Vowels to the Rescue lessons can be used most effectively on an individual basis. However, the program may be used by small groups of students who are performing at approximately the same reading level.
Every effort has been made to make all elements of the program enjoyable to students. All lessons are self-directing and self-correcting, which allows students to work through the lessons at an independent rate and to evaluate their performances privately.
USING THE PROGRAM
The audio lessons in Vowels to the Rescue employ a variety of motivational techniques designed to capture and hold the interest of students. Each lesson begins with an entertaining introduction. The student carefully guided through lesson by a narrator who uses a friendly and positive approach to reading instruction. Immediate evaluation of student responses and additional instruction for difficult concepts give the students strong personal support.
Each audio with its accompanying activity sheets is a self-contained lesson. Timed pauses are included in the audio to allow the student to complete brief responses on the activity sheets. However, when more than a few seconds are needed to complete a response, the student is told to stop the audio and complete the work. As an added reminder, the audio contains an electronic tone signaling the student to stop the audio. When the audio is started again, the narrator assists the student in checking his or her work. Students should be reminded that they may stop the audio whenever additional response time is needed, or replay any material they may wish to hear again.
The use of headsets is recommended to avoid distracting other students in the classroom and to reinforce the interaction between student and narrator.
The running times of the audio averages approximately 15 minutes. The average working time of each lesson is about 25 minutes. It should be remembered that this time is only an approximation. Since the student stops and starts the player several times during the course of each lesson to read material or to complete exercises, the actual time needed will depend on the student's working speed.
NOTE: Each audio in this program contains two lessons. Because of the nature of the content, the two lessons may differ in length.
Three illustrated reproducible activity sheets are used in each lesson of the program. The activity sheets offer a variety of skill-building games and enjoyable activities closely correlated with the audio instruction. Activities are completed as the audio presentation progresses.
Responses for all exercises on the activity sheets are checked by the narrator. If you wish students to mark their mistakes, or to correct their work as they go along, be sure to explain this before the lesson has begun.
THE TEACHER'S GUIDE
This guide contains individual summaries of all 12 lessons in the program. Each summary lists the skills objectives of the lesson, a description of each written activity, and reproductions of all student activities with answers.
Included in the final pages of this guide are several creative follow-up activities that may be used with small groups of students to reinforce the skills taught in the program.