This is an excerpt from my popular line of
Bossy Brocci Math & Big Science workbooks on Amazon.
Printing should be:
with the Flip being along the 'SHORT' edge or side
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Most ELA, Math and Science teachers don't have
more than 100 State Tests on their shoulders
- and they enjoy anywhere from 60 to 90 minutes to teach their class.
But I've been whipping the State
while teaching an average of 110 students per year
- and with only about 38 minutes for science class!
It's a matter of public record:
I've crushed the State by 17 to 32 points, and by an average
of 23 points over a 5-year stretch.
And I'm North Carolina's 2016 Top-Scoring Science Teacher.
I've done this in a
High-Poverty, Title 1 school
in the Appalachian Mtns.
No Teaching Assistants,
No Remediation Class,
and No Test-Prep books or programs.
So what are my kids doing???
Bossy Brocci worksheets
Lesson and Student Tasks:
WATER’S DISSOLVED OXYGEN GRAPHICAL TEST: FACTORS and INDICATORS
1) Answer a Test featuring 100 multiple-choice questions.
For each question, Students must be able to interpret the meaning of and pick from a choice of 2 graphed relationships
All the graphs or relationships feature the Independent or influencing leader/Action variable on the x-axis, and the Dependent or disciple/reaction variable on the Y-axis – with higher levels or amounts at the outer ends
These relationships can be either Direct (a.k.a. Immediate) or Indirect (a.k.a. Ultimate) – and can represent either a tight or a loose/approximate connection
These graphs are intended only to depict a generic Positive (slanted upwards) or generic Negative (slanted downwards) relationship between two variables - NOT necessarily a mathematically linear relationship
Factors that Affect Dissolved Oxygen and Indicators of Dissolved Oxygen covered in this Test include:
Water Temperature [and its influences such as Riparian Buffer or Shoreline Shade, Fossil Fuel Combustion, Atmospheric
Carbon Dioxide, The Greenhouse Effect, Global Cooling, Global Warming, Urban Runoff, Powerplant Effluent and Solar
Aerobic Decomposer Bacteria
Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD)
Nitrates and Phosphates
Bottom Plant Mortality
Water Rapids and Waves
Water’s Surface Action (Turbulence or Calmness)
Water Surface Area
Water’s Surface Absorption of Oxygen
Water Aeration or Aerification
Water Clarity or Transparency
Atmospheric Pressure or Air Pressure
Severity of Hypoxia
Fishkills or Fish Mortality
Note: There are NO question-marks; it’s a choice of statements, as expressed in a Graphed relationship. One doesn’t memorize questions; one memorizes facts. You can pour a stronger foundation of knowledge not by asking kids to answer questions, but by having them read & recite facts. Reading & reciting facts also enables valuable repetition more than answering questions does. This is one reason why Flashcards are so effective. A few relationships appear more than once, when necessary, in order to tell the “full story” or explanation behind each factor to the student. For example, Turbidity’s depressive effect on Dissolved Oxygen culminates through 4 unique routes: A) The Lower Water Concentration or Less “room” effect; B) The Higher Temperature effect; C) The Less Benthic Photosynthesis route; and D) The More Aerobic Decomposer Bacteria route.
2) Practice – with REPETITION – their mathematical (graphical) literacy and verbal or written literacy, by translating what they READ into DRAWING graphs – and then converting the mathematical statements about the relationship between the dependent and independent variable within a graph by WRITING statements about that relationship in multiple ways
3) Practice – with REPETITION – their skills of logic and reasoning
4) Be trained to understand the relationships between the Dependent and Independent variable – and the difference between Direct (or immediate) and Indirect (or ultimate) relationships, causes and connections
5) Be compelled to present their work in a neat & orderly format
6) Be trained to methodically & systematically Explain how & why different factors affect Dissolved Oxygen – and what Bioindicators can tell you about Dissolved Oxygen
Now THAT’s what I call ‘putting the w-o-r-k back in WORKsheets!’
Printing should be done in LANDSCAPE and Double-Sided, with the flip being along the 'SHORT' edge
Science Chemistry Physical Science Environmental Science Earth Science Water Quality Water Quality Metrics Water Quality indicators Physical Properties Physical Property Water Pollution Types of Water Pollution Point-Source Water Pollution Non-point Water Pollution Nonpoint Water Pollution Heavy Metals Oil Spills Acid Rain Mutagens Carcinogens Teratogens Birth Defects Agricultural Runoff Urban Runoff Residential Runoff Dioxins PCB’s Mercury Ground Truthing Remote Sensing Pesticides Fertilizer Environmental Protection Agency EPA Clean Air Act Clean Water Act Wetlands Watershed Water Protection Water Stewardship Water Conservation Legislative Water Conservation Compulsory Water Conservation Voluntary Water Conservation Water Treatment Physical Water Treatment Filtering Aeration Chemical Water Treatment Chlorine Ozone Natural Water Treatment Biological Water Treatment Swamps Wetlands Bioremediation Water Quality Indicators Water Temperature Thermal Pollution Effluent Water Hardness Hard Water Calcium and Magnesium ions Calcium and Magnesium minerals Calcium and Magnesium deposits High Concentration of Calcium Magnesium Water Conductivity High Water Temperature High Water Conductivity TDS Total Dissolved Solids High Water Hardness High Aerobic Decomposer Bacteria Low Dissolved Oxygen High Fecal Coliform Bacteria Dissolved Solids Dissolved ions Nitrates Phosphates Algal Bloom Algal Blooms Aerobic Decomposer Bacteria Aerobic Decomposition Biochemical Oxygen Demand BOD Low Dissolved Oxygen Hypoxic Water Anoxic Water Hypoxia Fishkill Fish kill Fish-kill Fishkills Fish Kills Fish-kills Fecal Coliform Bacteria Bioindicators Sensitive Bioindicators Insensitive Bioindicators Pollution-tolerant organisms Pollution-intolerant organisms Trout Caddisfly Mayfly Stonefly Dobsonfly Dronefly Rat-tailed maggot Carp Gar Catfish macroinvertebrates benthic macroinvertebrates Amphibians Frogs Salamanders Erosion Sediment runoff Discharge Suspended Solids Cloudiness Murkiness Turbidity Low Turbidity High Turbidity pH Acid Acidic Neutral Base Basic Alkaline Hydronium Hydroxide negative log base 10 pKw ionization constant for water pOH Strong Acids Strong Bases Weak Acids Weak Bases H3O+ OH- pH + pOH = 14 High water temperature from shallow water change of seasons seasonal change in temperature oxygen Soap Scum Ca2+ Mg2+ calcium magnesium ions deposits Water Temperature affects dissolved oxygen O2 Salinity affects dissolved oxygen O2 Turbidity affects dissolved oxygen O2 Atmospheric Pressure affects dissolved oxygen O2 Air Pressure affects dissolved oxygen O2 Aerobic Decomposer Bacteria affect dissolved oxygen O2 Biochemical oxygen demand affects dissolved oxygen O2 BOD affects dissolved oxygen O2 Water’s Surface Action affects dissolved oxygen O2 Water’s Turbulence affects dissolved oxygen O2 Water Calmness affects dissolved oxygen O2 Elevation affects dissolved oxygen O2 Fish suffocate Suffocation of Fish Solubility of Oxygen O2 Oxygen O2 Solubility Theoretical Oxygen Solubility Maximum Oxygen Solubility Oxygen Percent Saturation 100% Oxygen Saturation Solubility Dissolved Oxygen vs. Water Temperature Greenhouse Effect affects dissolved oxygen O2 Riparian Buffers affect dissolved oxygen O2 Shoreline Shade affects dissolved oxygen O2 Powerplant thermal effluent point-source thermal pollution affects dissolved oxygen O2 An increase in water temperature causes a decrease in dissolved oxygen O2 Fish Mortality Urban Runoff affects dissolved oxygen O2 Agricultural runoff affects dissolved oxygen O2 Global Warming affects dissolved oxygen O2 Fossil Fuel Combustion Combustion of Fossil Fuels Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide CO2 The Greenhouse Effect Greenhouse Gas Greenhouse Gases Greenhouse warming Riparian Shade dissolved oxygen O2 versus water temperature Steam-based Powerplant discharge Steam-based Powerplant effluent Urbanization Factors that affect dissolved oxygen O2 Algal Blooms nourish increase Aerobic Decomposer Bacteria Biodegradable Garbage nourishes increases Aerobic Decomposer Bacteria Sewage nourishes increases Aerobic Decomposer Bacteria Livestock and Pet Waste nourishes Aerobic Decomposer Bacteria Algal Blooms affect dissolved oxygen O2 Yard Waste affects dissolved oxygen O2 Biodegradable Garbage affects dissolved oxygen O2 Sewage affects dissolved Oxygen O2 Livestock waste pet waste affects dissolved oxygen Biochemical Oxygen Demand BOD affects dissolved oxygen O2 Dissolved nitrates and phosphates NO3 PO4 Eutrophication addition of nutrients to bodies of water Bottom plant benthic plant mortality sunlight penetration sunlight reaching bottom benthic plants benthic plant photosynthesis photosynthetic production of oxygen O2 benthic bottom photosynthesis riprap and dissolved oxygen O2 rip-rap and dissolved oxygen O2 seawalls and dissolved oxygen O2 oxygen being removed from the water for biological chemical biochemical processes Concentration ppm Concentration mg/L Relative dissolved oxygen O2 Water Turbidity Water’s Dissolved Oxygen O2 Solubility of Oxygen O2 in Water Measured Dissolved oxygen divided by theoretical solubility of oxygen Bioindicators dissolved oxygen O2 Trout high dissolved oxygen O2 Midge Black Fly Dronefly Leeches Tubifex Worms Water Temperature dissolved Oxygen O2 Water Temperature Bioindicators Water Surface Area Air-Water Contact Aeration Aerification Aeration and dissolved oxygen O2 Surface Absorption diffusion of oxygen O2 Mixing of air and water dissolved oxygen O2 water turbulence and aeration dissolved oxygen Jackson Turbidity units Secchi Disk Turbidity measurements Nephelometric Turbidity Units Turbidity water opacity Turbidity water clarity transparency Turbidity solar absorption Turbidity light penetration Turbidity water concentration Turbidity suspended solids Turbidity dissolved oxygen O2 High Turbidity highly turbid water Turbidity Absorption of sunlight solar absorption turbidity Turbidity Oxygen absorption and capacity Solar absorption water temperature Light penetration bottom benthic plant mortality photosynthesis dissolved oxygen from benthic rooted bottom plant photosynthesis dissolved oxygen from atmospheric diffusion Turbidity Aerobic Decomposer Bacteria Turbidity Biochemical Oxygen Demand BOD Saline Salinity Dissolved Salts Freshwater low salinity Saltwater high salinity Brackish water moderate or medium salinity Rivers Oceans Estuary Estuaries Salinity Solubility of oxygen O2 Salinity Oxygen solubility dissolved oxygen Dissolved oxygen versus salinity salinity affects dissolved oxygen O2 Salinity surface absorption capacity to hold dissolved oxygen O2 Salinity concentration salts water concentration as Elevation increases air pressure decreases as elevation atmospheric pressure decreases dissolved oxygen versus air atmospheric pressure air atmospheric pressure solubility of oxygen decreasing decrease in lower air atmospheric pressure lower decrease in decreases dissolved oxygen higher increase in increases Elevation lower decreases oxygen solubility dissolved oxygen Acid Rain Atmospheric Sulfur Dioxide SO2 Acid Rain Atmospheric Nitric Oxides NOx Acid Rain Sulfuric Acid Acid Rain Nitric Acid Acid Rain Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Ocean Acidification Combustion Fossil Fuels Carbon Dioxide Marine CO2 carbon dioxide carbonic acid Ocean acidification Ocean Acidification Carbonic Acid H2CO3 Ocean Acidification Ocean Acidification Shellfish Ocean Acidification Corals Ocean Acidification Coral Reefs decreasing pH Hydronium ion concentration Hydroxide ion concentration H3O+ concentration OH- concentration pH indicators pH measurements pH probe pH meter Cabbage juice pH indicator Litmus paper pH indicator Red Litmus paper pH indicator Blue litmus paper pH indicator Universal pH indicator Acidic Solutions Basic Alkaline solutions Higher Water Temperature lowers dissolved oxygen High Water Temperature low dissolved oxygen Higher High Aerobic Decomposer Bacteria Biochemical Oxygen Demand BOD Lower Low Dissolved oxygen More Algal Blooms lower dissolved oxygen Fertilizer runoff lowers dissolved oxygen Fertilizer runoff eutrophication algal blooms fish kills Calm water lower dissolved oxygen turbulent water higher dissolved oxygen higher high turbidity lower low dissolved oxygen higher high salinity lower low dissolved oxygen higher high atmospheric air pressure higher high dissolved oxygen lower low atmospheric air pressure lower low dissolved oxygen higher high elevation lower low air atmospheric pressure lower low dissolved oxygen Water Quality Water Temperature Water Quality Dissolved Oxygen Water Quality pH Water Quality Aerobic Decomposer Decomposition Bacteria Water Quality Fertilizer runoff Water Quality Agricultural Runoff Water Quality Algal Blooms Water Quality Eutrophication Eutrophication Algal Blooms Water Quality Biochemical Oxygen Demand Water Quality BOD Water Quality Oxygen Percent Saturation Water Quality Bioindicators Water Quality Water Surface Water Quality water turbulence Water Quality water calmness Water Quality Water’s Surface Action Area Water Quality Turbidity Water Quality High Turbidity Water Quality Salinity Water Quality Conductivity Water Quality Suspended solids Water Quality Water Hardness Water Quality Fecal Coliform Bacteria E. Coli Water Quality Atmospheric Pressure Air Pressure Water Quality Elevation Water Quality Acid Rain Water Quality Emissions Informational Text Inquiry Mathematical Literacy Numerical Literacy Graphical Literacy Writing Skills Dependent Variable Dependent Variables Independent Variable Independent Variables Direct and Indirect causes or factors Immediate and Ultimate factors or causes Inductive reasoning Inductive logic Deductive reasoning Deductive Logic Cause and Effect reasoning Cause and Effect logic Cause and Effect arguments If Then reasoning If Then logic If Then arguments Line Graphs Bar Graphs Graphs Tables