Major Artists & Watercolor ~ Art History ~ Cezanne Homer Sargent Wyeth ET AL
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This is a powerpoint presentation about major vanguard artists who innovated and advanced the art of watercolor. To best assess this presentation, download the preview, which contains 20 actual slides. This listing contains text excerpts, below. In all, there are 186 slides.
John Singer Sargent
John James Audubon
John La Farge
William Trost Richards
~ Modern watercolor paints now compare favorably with oil and acrylic as durable and colorful media.
~ This was not true in the past which led watercolor paintings to be valued far less than other media because of a limited life span.
~ Unfortunately, the use of petroleum-derived aniline dyes and pigments compounded from them led to durability problems in the past. ~ This caused a negative curatorial evaluation of watercolors.
~ Watercolors are no longer made with this material. Modern chemistry has made it possible to use archival materials in watercolor paintings.
~ Varnishing or using an archival fixative plus archival framing also counters a permanence problem.
*Major Painters Used Watercolors*
~ Watercolor painting became popular in the United States during the 19th century
~ Late-19th-century American exponents of the medium included Thomas Moran, Thomas Eakins, John Singer Sargent, Childe Hassam, and, above all, Winslow Homer.
~ The American Society of Painters in Watercolor (now the American Watercolor Society) was founded in 1866.
~ Watercolor was less popular in Continental Europe during the 19th century than it was in America.
~ Two major French artists who nevertheless forged ahead with it were Paul Signac and Paul Cézanne.
~ Signac was an avid sailor and painted many maritime watercolors. Cézanne made major innovations with watercolors into modernism.
~ This presentation focuses on major artists who also painted in watercolor in America and continental Europe.
~ UK watercolour is a vast subject which needs its own presentation.
~ Part I focuses on major artists who were freely identified with watercolor and let their process with it be known.
~ Part II focuses on other major artists who also used watercolors.
*Paul Cézanne Watercolors*
~ Innovated incorporating the white of the paper into his painting.
~ Cézanne recognized watercolor as a transparent medium.
~ Thus, he used multiple layers of thin washes with transparent colors.
~ His technique imparted luminously and depth.
~ White paint is an opaque color and he believed it took away from the watercolor painting, not added to it.
~ He was as radical a pioneer in watercolor as he was in oil painting, creating modern art with every medium he used.
~ Although his earlier watercolors were studies for his oils, his late watercolors were intended as paintings to stand on their own merits.
~ These late paintings were also his most radical and now the most valuable.
~ He drew with graphite pencil on the paper both before and after doing the watercolor painting.
~ The graphite in the pencil added as a barrier, enabling him to control where the paint went.
~ Poet Rainer Marie Rilke's said that Cézanne's watercolors “are as confident as his paintings, and as light as the paintings are heavy.”