This Cube Trains task can be used to help students learn the addend pairs for 10. In order to gain addition and subtraction fluency in mathematics, it is critical that students understand ways to make ten in order to be able to then use 10 as a benchmark for other mental math strategies.
Students can complete this Cube Trains task to practice ways to make ten using multiple representations (physical cubes, visual patterns, numerical patterns) to help the mathematics become more accessible. The visual of the cube train, along with the color pattern, can help them to reason about the quantities in a deeper way than only a numerical approach could provide.
This task is designed as a parallel task, meaning the task has two options that students can complete: Option 1 (Challenge) or Option 2 (Standard). Because the task is differentiated, the varying levels of this task can provide on-going practice: students can use the different levels at multiple times during the school year and/or students can use the different levels throughout various grade levels.