This 6 page document has three parts; a 2 page assessment for students, a 2 page answer key for teachers, and a 2 page test item analysis. It's specifically aligned with the Essential Standards curriculum and corresponds with the Weather Student Note Taking Booklet for Essential Standards (found on Teachers Pay Teachers). This mini-assessment can be found in a combined pack with two additional mini-assessments that will cover all weather standards, just look through my list of products.
The assessment contains: 5 matching definitions to the correct term questions, 4 complete the wind chart questions, 6 multiple choice questions, and 1 essay and covers conditions, pressure systems and instruments. This includes (a) air mass, (b) high pressure and low pressure systems, (c) climate vs weather, (d) continental, maritime, polar, and tropical winds, and (e) anemometer, barometer, rain gauge, and wind vane.
Please be on the look out for additional assessments that will cover the other fifth grade science Essential Standards standards.