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If you would just like to purchase the Building Shade Structures portion of this packet, please click here: Building Shade Structures
Each of the 4 Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) for Grade K- “Weather and Climate” are addressed in this packet:
Make observations to determine the effect of sunlight on Earth’s surface.
Use tools and materials to design and build a structure that will reduce the warming effect of sunlight on an area.
Use and share observations of local weather conditions to describe patterns over time.
Ask questions to obtain information about the purpose of weather forecasting to prepare for, and respond to, severe weather.
NGSS Engineering standards for grades K- 2 are also addressed in this packet:
Grades K- 2: ENGINEERING DESIGN
Ask questions, make observations, and gather information about a situation people want to change to define a simple problem that can be solved through the development of a new or improved object or tool
Develop a simple sketch, drawing, or physical model to illustrate how the shape of an object helps it function as needed to solve a given problem
This lesson plan makes teaching temperature and weather fun! Spark your students’ interest by showing them the 6 cool weather facts slides. Then do activities 1 and 2
which address the first standard – determine the effect of sunlight on Earth’s surface. Minimum material requirements: thermometers, water, ice, black paper, and white paper for this activity. Thermometer and water vs. thermometer in ice activity then measure the effects of sunlight on different surfaces, 2 student worksheets provided so results can be recorded. Actual photos of my class doing the experiments included.
- Monsters Need Shade! This addresses the 2nd weather standard as well as the K-2 engineering ( STEM ) standard. Challenge your students to build a shade structure using recyclable materials to protect little paper monsters from the sun! Your students will be engineers – designing and building shade structures to see if they can reduce the warming effect of sunlight on an area. There is a short story (3 slides I project onto my whiteboard) presenting the problem your students must solve: monsters want to play outdoors but it’s just too hot and they need some shade. I included patterns to make cute little monster cones that can be put under the shade structure. Ideas included on how to get your class to brainstorm ideas. Students must first draw their design ideas (worksheet provided) then they actually build a 3-dimensional structure out of recyclable materials (paper towel tubes, food containers, etc.). We then measure the effectiveness of the structure by taking the temperature of the monsters play area with and without the shade structure. Thermometer worksheet provided. The temperature was at least 10 degrees cooler under the structures my students built! My students love when I give them engineering projects – I don’t tell them how to build, I don’t tell them the best structure to create – I encourage them to design and create on their own - the ideas must come entirely from them! Their creativity never ceases to amaze me! Photos of my students’ work provided.
- Weather Log– a blank month's calendar where your kids can color code the weather on a particular day, tally up the monthly results and analyze them for weather patterns and predictions. This addresses the 3rd weather standard.
– Students are required to “ask questions to obtain information about the purpose of weather forecasting to prepare for, and respond to, severe weather”. Show your students the 6 slides I created depicting friendly little monsters facing severe weather (thunderstorm, tornado, hurricane) in their part of the woods. What should they do? Great for class discussions of severe weather and the importance of weather forecasting to prepare for and respond to such weather. Worksheet included.
-Tornado Tubes – I’ve included photos and directions on how to make tornado tubes. Your students will love creating tornadoes in a bottle! Worksheet provided for tornado races. Photos of my class too.
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Please note: these units are for the use of one educator.
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