Standard: Describe the processes that led to the territorial expansion of the United States, including the Louisiana Purchase and other land purchases, wars and treaties with foreign and indigenous nations, and annexation.
• How did Manifest Destiny encourage European-American settlement west of the Mississippi?
• How did the Louisiana Purchase and the Lewis and Clark Expedition lead to territory expansion?
• How did Texas join the U.S.?
• What was the Mexican-American War?
• How did westward expansion affect America?
• How did westward expansion create conflict?
• How did the U.S. acquire land from indigenous nations?
Leveled Reading Tasks (see graphic organizers)
1. American Indians in the 1800s - Level 1: Recall information from the text, choosing the best multiple-choice answer
2. A Growing Nation - Level 2: Examine the painting “American Progress” by John Gast and name four images in the painting that represent the idea of Manifest Destiny. Begin by defining Manifest Destiny and then describe how each image is an example.
3. The Journey of Lewis and Clark - Level 3: Compare and contrast Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, identifying the skills and experience they brought to the 1804 expedition.
4. All 8 Reading - Level 4: Create a timeline with the key events from Westward Expansion. Include the year and name of event in chronological order.
Other Reading Tasks (see graphic organizers)
Use thinking maps with guiding questions
o The Louisiana Purchase, bubble map - How did the Louisiana Purchase lead to territory expansion?
o The Great Plains, circle map – How did westward expansion create conflict?
o Pioneer Trails, tree map – How did westward expansion affect America?
Divide the reading into four tasks/roles (use with Texas Revolution and The Mexican-American War)
o Predictor: Make a good guess about what you think the reading will be about and/or what will happen next
o Questioner: Ask level 1 type questions (who, what, when, where, why) and provide answers from the text
o Clarifier: Write down key words with definitions, names, important events and dates
o Summarizer: Identify the topic, main idea and key details from the text